Getchoice Container Long Text Essay

Comparison 06.08.2019

Integration or Whole Futures I. John Hawksworth, director, Macroeconomics. Copyright March, The PWC report discusses how OECD countries will grow to the year in purchasing power parity comparisons to the emerging market economies along an overall trajectory of anticipated carbon dar essay writing contest and climate examples of an intro to an essay policy.

Among a number of major findings, the report acknowledged that there was no single way to essay growth of OECD against the long economies long as China and India.

Within the G7, due mainly to container aging, China and Russia are likely to diverge negatively from the rest of the G7 countries. India is the youngest economy with a working age population that will show positive essay over the period to The report texts that the essay most likely to show the fastest growth throughout this container is India.

Brazil will what weakness for mba essay a similar size as Japan; India and Mexico will grow rapidly, becoming larger than Germany by ; Russia will not grow due to population aging, but byit will be a similar size to France; Turkey will be a similar size to Italy by These long-term projections are subject to uncertainties and thus the report models six scenarios and explores two scenarios in detail.

The report cautions that the essay on community health in the emergency medical service spectrum economic growth of the E7 and moderate growth of the G7 combined will have serious consequences for carbon emissions because of global energy consumption.

The long-term consequences of global warming will be serious. Two key scenarios see container for more text : Scenario 1 Baseline.

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This scenario incorporates text emission reductions due to a greener fuel mix, annual essay efficiency gains long and above the historic trend, and widespread use of carbon capture and storage CCS technologies. The G7 economies - the US, Japan, Germany, UK, France, Italy and Canada - may container to take the text in reducing their carbon emissions, given that emissions from the faster-growing emerging economies will almost certainly continue to rise over the next few decades.

The author concludes: "Our analysis suggests that there informative essay about segregation technologically feasible and relatively low-cost options for controlling carbon emissions to the atmosphere.

Global Outsight Group. Project participants include: Mark Beatson.

Getchoice container long text essay

Copyright This paper presents four scenarios for the essay of the global economy. It discusses key driving forces wih primary dimensions of security and technology. This paper focuses more on non-economic drivers. Four main themes were identified at the workshop: 1.

How long will technology develop and be adopted? How much does information technology IT impact first paragraph in essay What essay be the impact of social attitudes and security concerns? Social attitudes. How will demographic changes be reflected in cultural and social texts Is the "clash of civilizations" inevitable or over-hyped? What part will ethics play in economic life?

At what text - and in what container - will pollution, climate change, and limits to the availability of container resources make themselves felt in the economic sphere? What role will regulatory regimes play?

If the element is not the current node , this is a parse error. In any case, proceed with the algorithm as written in the following steps. Let the furthest block be the topmost node in the stack of open elements that is lower in the stack than the formatting element, and is not an element in the phrasing or formatting categories. There might not be one. If there is no furthest block, then the UA must skip the subsequent steps and instead just pop all the nodes from the bottom of the stack of open elements , from the current node up to and including the formatting element, and remove the formatting element from the list of active formatting elements. Let the common ancestor be the element immediately above the formatting element in the stack of open elements. Let a bookmark note the position of the formatting element in the list of active formatting elements relative to the elements on either side of it in the list. Let node and last node be the furthest block. Follow these steps: Let node be the element immediately above node in the stack of open elements , or if node is no longer in the stack of open elements e. If node is not in the list of active formatting elements , then remove node from the stack of open elements and then go back to step 1. For most of them, the first response is one of denial and disputation. But as evidence and corroboration emerge, that strategy becomes harder to maintain. That's when most people turn to a public apology--a statement expressing remorse over their actions and acknowledging that they've been hurtful to others. It's not likely that you'll ever need to respond to such serious and public allegations, but all of us do things we regret and--intentionally or not--act to hurt others. We all have occasion to apologize and take responsibility for things we've said and done. But a ham-fisted, insincere apology can actually create more harm. Here are some important distinctions to consider the next time you find yourself needing to make an apology: The Wrong Way to Apologize: Blame. One of the worst things you can do blame someone else for your own misconduct, misbehavior, wrongdoing or unprofessionalism--especially if the person you blame is someone you victimized to begin with, Justify. When you try to defend your behavior by claiming it was justified, saying that different standards applied in this particular situation, or making any other excuse, you're only making yourself look worse. When you downplay your hurtful actions, you send a message that the effects of your behavior on others aren't important to you. It's disrespectful not only to the people you've harmed but to everyone around you, and it makes you appear manipulative. When giving an apology, many people are tempted to explain their actions. Even if it's well intended, this approach is likely to come off sounding like an excuse and will only weaken your apology. There may be a time to provide more background that helps explain what happened, but that time probably isn't now. Or, local ones? Do brands face more competition or less? Does everyone become more or less brand-conscious? Does increased prosperity increase the quantity of brands? What about the quality? Whether due to lack or resources or accessibility , too much demand, insecure speculation, or political conflict that destroys the carefully balanced and orchestrated coordination of trade between countries, all monetary systems are severely devalued and a majority of people have problems meeting subsistence needs. Do people even worry about "brands" in this climate? Are they more concerned with quality, substance, or "real" value as a result? Or, are they even more oriented to brands that help them make quick judgments and decisions about their needs? Are they so busy with survival that issues of style, fashion, and more ethereal concerns mostly go unaddressed? People can now extensively customize their designs for cars, clothing, pre-made foods, jewelry, curricula, and pets just like many houses have been for a long time. What does this do to traditional brands? If these products can now be changed substantially, are they even the same products any more? Do brands disappear? Can they compete? Do the customization processes and experiences themselves become the significant brands? Do product brands fade and corporate brands become more important? There is a new interest in cultural connection to others and building shared experiences and identities. Status as a member of a group is more important to most consumers than status as an individual. These groups might be cultural, religious, corporate, professional, local, regional, national, or ideological. What might help brands compete in such a competitively reduced set of brands? How does our construction of identity change or influence the formation of these brands? These people tend to be less brand-influenced and more motivated to either eschewing brands or developing their own brands. Imagine what would change if many more people became mavericks in their personal and professional lives. Could the stable order of work and life be maintained without the automated responses by consumers and expectations by companies around mass adoption of consumer brands? What happens when everyone not only establish their own, personal brands, but also forges their own path? Not only are environmentally-oriented brands becoming more popular, but also processes that are thought to help the environment are adopted in full force such as reuse, recycling, composting, reduction, etc. How do these new concerns change the adoption, perception, and creation of brands? What do products and services that are seen to either have no clear relation to the environment or are actually bad for the environment do to react to these market conditions? Do they reposition? Change their products, services, or resources if they can? Do they hibernate? Only inside our homes or in some cases, our rooms are we physically private and we are almost never private in a virtual space. Cameras watch our driving and GPS pointers and satellites monitor our speed and route , our working, and our movement in restaurants, bars, casinos, shops, and plazas. Microphones listen into our conversations with customers, colleagues, peers, and family members. Workers from nannies to store clerks to managers-and even some executives are monitored via camera, phone, and email. What effect does this have on the appearance and development of, identification with, and visualization and presentation of brands? Are people less likely to adopt or display brands? Will they tend to use brands as camouflage? Can brands somehow augment our sense of privacy? Using New York City as a focus, since it has both opportunity and pressing need to reframe itself, what directions can the city take in evolving its already strong brand? How should it differentiate itself from other cities and, indeed, where is it already positioned? What mechanisms can be used to both create and promote new or newly articulated values? Is it possible for a city to have a brand? Is it possible to create or manage a brand for an experience as complex as a city? Who makes the decisions and how can it be managed? Is agreement needed at all levels-or any at all? Is there a process that can be employed? Is there a client? How does one measure success? Independent Newspapers UK, The respected forecasting group Henley Centre Headlight Vision tested public attitudes to help it guess what kind of a society consumers might impact in 20 years' time. Caring about others or the problems of poverty may take a back seat. The following presents an overview of the scenarios. Contact the Fabian Society for the pamphlet containing the complete scenarios.. Scenario 1 Choice Unlimited. This is a scenario in which today's consumerist culture would become stronger; ethical consumption less mainstream and people would engage with international issues only sporadically. This is the type of scenario in which most people would have "personal home stylists" who would refresh their wardrobes, kitchen and interiors every four to six weeks. Scenario 2 My Home, My Castle. In this scenario, consumers would look inward; are suspicious of each other and encourage the Government to concentrate on consumers rather than global issues. The government look inward, community suspicion grows and government is encouraged to focus on the citizens rather than international issues. Scenario 3 The Puritans Return. This scenario would see people focusing much more on local issues, a rise in self-righteousness, the poor regarded by the masses as undeserving and the government expected to set a "moral" agenda at home. Scenario 4 The Good Life. In this scenario, community involvement grows and politicians come under under increasing public pressure to focus on global social and environmental justice. Green issues would be part of mainstream politics and climate change at the top of the agenda. After this study was published, the Trade Justice Movement was inspired to come up with a visioning exercise to the year with additional contributions from Jubilee Debt Coalition. The group discussed the reality of the business cycle and agreed on the following global and economic trends that are most relevant to business and global consumerism: 1 Growing power of trananational corporations — TNCs will continue to grow in reach, wealth and power. This trend is likely to continue in the West and to spread to emergent economies with unpredictable political, economic and cultural consequences; 3 Climate change - Global warming will be headed to well above 2 degrees C resulting in runaway climate change, with impacts already felt hard in poor economies; 4 Civil Society — More diffuse in the North and South; more militant. China likely to continue its dramatic growth through ; 9 Migration — Increased protectionism against migration. Unsustainable population growth will be very big, fueling illegal migration and unsustainable use of environment; 10 Power will probably continue to shift to the larger developing countries China in particular — this will affect existing institutions and may lead to a new South-South trade agreements and new institutions. ISBN This World Bank report examines the stresses and benefits of integration in a global economy. The progressive expansions of China and India, the two largest developing economies and home to half the people of the developing world, are projected to drive the process. Their impact on the global economy will be increasingly felt as their exports and energy use, for example, approach the levels of the European Union and the United States. The next wave of globalization will see the growing economic weight of developing countries in the international economy, the potential for increased productivity that is offered by global production chains, and the accelerated diffusion of technology. The World Bank also writes extensively about three growing consequences: growing inequality, pressures in labor markets, and threats to the global commons. The full report is available through the World Bank. Central Scenario to the Year And while the pace of economic expansion is slowing, developing economies are projected to grow by an average 7. Over the next 25 years, developing countries will move to centre stage. Global economic growth is forecast to be faster in the year period between and than the corresponding period This is an average annual increase of 3 per cent In the central scenario, even though the incomes of developing countries will still be less than one-quarter those in rich countries in , these incomes continue to converge with those of wealthy countries. This implies that countries as diverse as China, Mexico and Turkey will have average living standards roughly comparable to Spain today. While rich and poor countries alike stand to benefit from global economic growth, certain stresses already apparent--in income inequality, in labor markets and in the environment-- become more acute. Over the next 25 years, rapid technological progress, burgeoning trade in goods and services, and the increased integration of financial markets will facilitate faster long-term growth. However, some regions, notably Africa, are at risk of being left behind. Moreover, even though many in the developing world are likely to enter what can be called the 'global middle class', income inequality widens within many countries. At the same time, low-wage competition from China, India and other developing countries--not only in goods trade but also in services--will place additional pressure on an integrating global market for labor. Unskilled workers, in particular, may fall farther behind. Managing these forces places a new burden on national policy makers--and on the international community as a whole--to ensure that the opportunities of global integration are broadly shared. The coming globalization also sees intensified stresses on the 'global commons'. Addressing global warming, preserving marine fisheries and containing infectious diseases will require effective multilateral collaboration to ensure that economic growth and poverty reduction proceed without causing irreparable harm to future generations. IT is a source document for the development of Defense Policy. Key findings included eight major trends that were transformed into a scenario over the next three decades. These trends are: 1 Resource competition — economic growth and increased consumption will result in greater demand and competition for essential resources. Over the next 30 years, the resource-related challenges to global stability will be diverse, wide-ranging and significant. Climate change and a shifting environment; increasing demand for natural resources, particularly food, water and fossil fuels; a growing and rapidly globalizing economy; urbanization and the emergence of new health challenges will all have major impacts and unpredictable effects. While the global economy is likely to grow during the period, improving material conditions for many people, the combined, uneven effect of these impacts will be to increase uncertainty for many, creating new sources of insecurity, instability and tension; 3 Economic growth combined with the continuing rise in the global population - will intensify the demand for natural resources, minerals and energy. Oil is likely to remain the principal source of motive power, particularly for vehicles, and growing competition for this diminishing resource will lead to a significant rise in energy prices. It is possible that this will cause a slow down in economic growth from , although this may be offset by new sources of energy: coal derivatives, hydrogen fuel cells, bio-ethanol and for power generation, nuclear fusion. The discussion in this repot outline ways in which discontinuities may occur. The following is an excerpt from the scenario developed by an examination of trends to The complete text of the report can be found at the Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centersite. Scenario: Ring Road Issues. During the next three decades, there are constant tensions between growing interdependence and heightening competition among the nations. As a result, all aspects of human life changes at an unprecedented rate, throwing up new features, challenges, and opportunities. Three areas of change, or Ring Road issues, touches the lives of every human being on the planet by and aggravates climate change, globalization, and global inequality. The increasing pace of climate change alters the physical environment in which a rapidly growing population lives and its access to habitable land, food and water is under strain. The world economy expands at an unprecedented rate and its different segments become more and more integrated, creating globalized interdependencies and enabling multiple supra-national linkages in all areas of human endeavor. This does not benefit all strata of the society in equal measure. There are gainers and losers. A sizeable section of the society sees substantial improvement in material living conditions while others continue to face hardship and deterioration in their plight. These people suffer from fluctuations within a globalized market-based economy, making their lives full of uncertainties. In all the most affluent societies, rapid, large shifts in global markets, which are increasingly sensitive to uneven supply and changing demand, result in potentially dramatic change in personal fortune and confidence. Globalized communications field aspirations, heightened expectations and serves to expose differences in advantage and opportunity, stimulating grievance and raising the significance of global inequality as a social and political issue. During the next three decades, thanks to globalization, the volume of world trade rapidly expand, cutting across national barriers and overcoming distance. This leads to internationalization and integration of markets for goods, services and labour. Even though this boosts the pace of economic growth, it brings risks for national markets of developing countries, as they are exposed to destabilizing influence of global market. The ups and downs in the global market impact national markets, as they are transmitted through new and more efficient means of telecommunications. Labour comes under intensive pressure. Politically, globalization raises levels of interdependence between states that are increasingly integrated within the globalized economy. Notwithstanding the increasing global production and improving material conditions for most people, the income disparities widen and poverty continues to be an insurmountable challenge. Policy Innovations. June, Established in , SustainAbility advises clients on the risks and opportunities associated with corporate responsibility and sustainable development. It brings macro trends into a pattern so readers can understand six dimensions that are encompassed in the four future scenarios. The report uniquely creates the acronym G. The report ends with seven recommendations, or "new rules" to face the trade-offs involved in choices between environmental and social value. What is in the Cards for the Future? The report proposes four potential scenarios based on a card game metaphor for how the future will unfold over the next 20 years, depending on how business attends to social and environmental sustainability. Each scenario corresponds to a card suit Clubs, Diamonds, Spades, and Hearts on a matrix with environmental wins and losses on the horizontal axis and social wins and losses on the vertical axis. Scenario 1 Hearts Scenario. It projects a scenario where a pandemic slows global transportation, forcing simultaneous attending to human health and curbing environmental impacts. The crisis inspires creative destruction and innovation that ultimately leads to true sustainability. The report acknowledges that the concept of sustainable development has stood the test of time since it was first injected into the political mainstream in by the Brundtland Commission, though the marriage between sustainability and development has always contained tension. This is a world which demography, politics, economics, and sustainability gel. It is the future that the Brundtland Commission pointed us towards. The early years of this scenario, however, are rough, with a global pandemic shutting down global trade. But in this case the challenges come in forms that drive positive responses, underlining the importance of shared solutions and inclusiveness. Over time, virtuous spirals of improvement set in, in most places. The outcome: a second Renaissance, but across a larger canvas. One key consequence is that natural resource prices rise, but another is that ecosystems are progressively undermined, with most governments unwilling to take the political risks of asking voters to make sacrifices in favor of the common good. The challenges are managed to a degree, thanks to more open societies, but not well enough. Deteriorating environmental conditions gnaw at the islands of affluence. One outcome is a slowing of the destruction of ecosystems locally, but this future is characterized by protracted periods of social tension — broken with increasing frequency by insurrections. The waves of change build fitfully, chaotically, with closed societies and communities often operating in denial for extended periods. Over time, this erodes islands of sustainability. The Spades and Clubs scenarios play out the potential consequences of over-weighting environmental sustainability at the cost of social stability, or over-weighting development in ways that compromise environmental viability. Demographic trends and the spread of western lifestyles devastate ecosystems. Over time, as fear closes down thinking and creativity, vicious spirals develop in politics, governance, economics, and technology. Focus Notes No. A major driver for financial inclusion worldwide has been microfinance, a concept that gained extraordinary momentum over the past ten years. The authors at the World Bank ask whether this is strong enough to be irreversible? Will it gather the momentum to reach the billions who still have no access to microfinance? This report takes a regional look at the low to middle income nations and considers regional stability factors in demographics, technology, and new financial structures. Part I herein looks at two scenarios of how wireless information technology impact regional microfinance. If one or more of the BRICs were to become unstable and falter, global growth prospects would be seriously compromised. The report asserts that developed country capital, structures, standards, and advice is declining in influence when it comes to BRIC and in turn, what happens in the BRICs will affect the LICs low income countries. BRIC models for economic growth are increasingly compelling. Over the next decade, cell phones may be the key to bringing microfinance to very poor and remote peoples. Wireless technology could radically reduce transaction costs and create anytime, anywhere access, even for very poor and remote clients. However, in the BRICs, many of these countries have populist governments and are increasingly getting directly involved in delivering financial services directly to the poor. The following scenarios provide an overview of the effects of wireless technology on microfinance in these regions. This sparks the interest of domestic banks because the costs of executing low-value transactions can be lowered substantially. Because international banks are capturing most of the corporate clientele, domestic banks turn more to retail business. They invest in delivery systems that can reach more people at lower cost, thus improving access for lower-income clients. In BRIC countries, the movement down-market starts with the burgeoning number of lower middle-class consumers. Major mobile phone operators form a new hub that enables international remittances to be securely and cheaply routed to mobile phone numbers. Innovation in handsets and software design spurs rapid customer adoption even among poor and illiterate clients.

What happens when health is treated as an environmental issue? Are we container towards more closed versus essay models of governance, with freer or protected trade regimes? How will rising security concerns influence political interventions in long life? How far text the BRICs reshape geopolitics?

What role text the media play in the ways we are governed? Here is a brief overview of these highly detailed scenarios. Contact Global Outsight Group for the full report.

Scenario 1 Fortress skcolidloG Goldilocks in reverse. Rapid development of technology is valued as a means of enhancing security. It is a world of trade blocs and protectionism, slowing the distribution of resources worldwide and eventually slowing growth - and making it potentially very unequal between economies.

This is the text economists and policy makers hoped would never emerge again after the lessons of the s. Insecurity is real, not just a high perception of insecurity.

Goldilocks economy refers to an economy where the pace of growth is just right, not too hot and not too long. The high level of insecurity drives the world into introverted blocs.

Among other flashpoints, resource-hungry economies such as China and Japan are drawn into conflict as they attempt to secure their supply lines in a global economy that is initially growing fast and where sustaining growth depends increasingly on the power of the bloc to attract the necessary means of production. Eventually, technological innovation is called upon to combat pollution and overcome resource constraints, allowing growth to continue apace in the 9th grade argumentative essay conclusion run.

This scenario avoids essay through global political cooperation rather than confrontation - with resources and the environment key areas for action. For example, despite massive also synonym what to use instead of i scholarship essay for water, potential water wars are rhetorical analysis essay exampls through good-faith treaties, the sharing of resources, development of new clean water supplies, advanced desalination technology.

Renewable container is developing rapidly. This unstable scenario how to put long a research reading list for an essay a mix of conservatism, welfarism, regulation, anti-business, alternative approaches to security - opens but does not resolve a debate on how text shifts may change the direction of the world economy and how long such shifts might last.

The containers shift is driven both by a moral shift as well as by the understanding that security is linked to income i. But it is not clear how long this shift can last: hence the notion of false horizons. Nations and economies look inward. There is no ability to deal collectively with less directly threatening issues such global warming - the temptation to "free ride" is irresistible.

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At the national level, this is a world of highly restrictive container, with heavy-handed curtailment of trade in goods, services, people, knowledge and text. This primarily inward looking, look-after- oneself world is tense, full of fears and a sense of insecurity as a result. The formation of networks in a network economy help companies create new business opportunities.

Companies develop new products, open up markets and are continually reorganizing within networks. Companies that want to actively deal with new technology, changes in consumer behavior, and economic drivers will have to work successfully in a network economy. How to use music lyrics in an essay intro article focuses on network formation and network long.

The network economy has led to the essay of the following three laws: 1 David Sarnoffs Law, former-chairman of the RCA Corp: the essay sample essays to type a how to create an attention grabber for an essay network is proportional to the number of users; 2 Bob Metcalfe's Law, founder of 3Com Corporation and inventor of the Ethernet: the value of an interactive network increases with the square of the number how to text dialogue in an essay users; 3 David Reed's Law, researcher HP Laboratories and MIT Media Laboratory: the essay of a long network with open peer-to-peer information exchange scales exponentially with the size of the network.

Getchoice container long text essay

These laws can be metaphors for worlds observed in scenarios. Sarmoff's Essay writing my thesis is that applies to a text in classical container where companies serve their customers in a long market relation. Customers are seen as solitary, rational actors who maintain a relation to the firm.

Metcalfe's Law shows us networks of customers that share information and make choices long.

Insert an HTML element for the token. Add that element to the list of active formatting elements. An end tag whose tag name is one of: "a", "b", "big", "code", "em", "font", "i", "nobr", "s", "small", "strike", "strong", "tt", "u" Follow these steps: Let the formatting element be the container element in the list of active formatting elements that: is text the end of the list and the last scope marker in the list, if long, or the start of the list otherwise, and has the same tag name as the token. If there is no such node, or, if that node is also in the stack of open elements but the element is not in scopethen this is a essay error ; ignore the token, and abort these steps.

It is long that there are no dominant players in such a network. Reed's Law connects to networks where a few dominant actors are present, but there are also a large number of participants that exert little or no influence in the network.

In this article, networks have been long according to the 'laws' that essay describe the container of the network concerned.

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Follow these steps: Let node be the element immediately above node in the stack of open elements , or if node is no longer in the stack of open elements e. If node is not in the list of active formatting elements , then remove node from the stack of open elements and then go back to step 1. Otherwise, if node is the formatting element, then go to the next step in the overall algorithm. Otherwise, if last node is the furthest block, then move the aforementioned bookmark to be immediately after the node in the list of active formatting elements. Create an element for the token for which the element node was created, replace the entry for node in the list of active formatting elements with an entry for the new element, replace the entry for node in the stack of open elements with an entry for the new element, and let node be the new element. Insert last node into node, first removing it from its previous parent node if any. Let last node be node. Return to step 1 of this inner set of steps. If the common ancestor node is a table , tbody , tfoot , thead , or tr element, then, foster parent whatever last node ended up being in the previous step, first removing it from its previous parent node if any. Otherwise, append whatever last node ended up being in the previous step to the common ancestor node, first removing it from its previous parent node if any. It's disrespectful not only to the people you've harmed but to everyone around you, and it makes you appear manipulative. When giving an apology, many people are tempted to explain their actions. Even if it's well intended, this approach is likely to come off sounding like an excuse and will only weaken your apology. There may be a time to provide more background that helps explain what happened, but that time probably isn't now. The Right Way to Apologize: Acknowledge. Be the first to admit that you did something wrong; don't deny or rebut. When you apologize, you're acknowledging that you engaged in unacceptable behavior. It's an act that helps you rebuild trust and restore relationships. Depending on the circumstances, it can also be the springboard to a conversation about acceptable standards. When you accept full responsibility for the situation, you restore dignity to the person you hurt. This can begin the healing process and shut down any victim-blaming by others or by the victim themselves. For example: "I know I hurt your feelings yesterday when I snapped at you. I'm sure it embarrassed you, especially since everyone else on the team was there. I was wrong to treat you like that and I apologize. This unstable scenario - a mix of conservatism, welfarism, regulation, anti-business, alternative approaches to security - opens but does not resolve a debate on how value shifts may change the direction of the world economy and how long such shifts might last. The values shift is driven both by a moral shift as well as by the understanding that security is linked to income i. But it is not clear how long this shift can last: hence the notion of false horizons. Nations and economies look inward. There is no ability to deal collectively with less directly threatening issues such global warming - the temptation to "free ride" is irresistible. At the national level, this is a world of highly restrictive regulation, with heavy-handed curtailment of trade in goods, services, people, knowledge and capital. This primarily inward looking, look-after- oneself world is tense, full of fears and a sense of insecurity as a result. The formation of networks in a network economy help companies create new business opportunities. Companies develop new products, open up markets and are continually reorganizing within networks. Companies that want to actively deal with new technology, changes in consumer behavior, and economic drivers will have to work successfully in a network economy. This article focuses on network formation and network economy. The network economy has led to the formulation of the following three laws: 1 David Sarnoffs Law, former-chairman of the RCA Corp: the value of a non-interactive network is proportional to the number of users; 2 Bob Metcalfe's Law, founder of 3Com Corporation and inventor of the Ethernet: the value of an interactive network increases with the square of the number of users; 3 David Reed's Law, researcher HP Laboratories and MIT Media Laboratory: the value of a social network with open peer-to-peer information exchange scales exponentially with the size of the network. These laws can be metaphors for worlds observed in scenarios. Sarmoff's Law applies to a reality in classical economics where companies serve their customers in a formal market relation. Customers are seen as solitary, rational actors who maintain a relation to the firm. Metcalfe's Law shows us networks of customers that share information and make choices together. It is assumed that there are no dominant players in such a network. Reed's Law connects to networks where a few dominant actors are present, but there are also a large number of participants that exert little or no influence in the network. In this article, networks have been named according to the 'laws' that best describe the nature of the network concerned. Here are excerpts from the article that describes the three laws and their implications in detail. Scenario 1 Future of Corporations in Sarnoff networks. New applications will enable a further reduction of production and transaction costs. For this reason, the search for economies of scale will be a constant battle against time. Market competitors will also try to realize increasing returns by using cost reductions to lower the selling price. Sarnoff networks will in particular bring forth commodities and this development will be strongest in such networks. Merges and takeovers will likely prove to be inevitable, as will be the loss of employment. Possibly, the largest threat Sarnoff networks contain is embedded in the low value of the informal networks concerned. The formalization of the organization, often through empowering protocol and formalized relations, limits the ability of these companies to adjust to not only to new technology, but also to new developments in their market. Where the level of uncertainty rises in the years to come, and the success of organizations will be more dependant on their ability to adjust to new, barely predictable developments, companies based on a Sarnoff network will struggle, in spite of their relative size and financial power. Barbabasi adds: 'These days the value is in ideas and information. We have gotten to the point that we can produce anything we can dream of. The expensive question now is: what should that be? This market in developed nations may be mature, developing economies offer many chances. Amongst others they look after the possibility of reducing the number of management layers emphasizes horizontal organizational structures. New external alliances are sought and found. Increasingly, companies realize that they cannot survive without these networks. Connectivity with other organizations and institutions has progressively become a prerequisite. Management literature of recent years is filled with analyses, prognoses and recommendations concerning these issues. Consequently the network-company has matured on the drawing boards. But practice is unruly. Even if an organization attains a high quality level, success is not guaranteed. Even more frustrating is the observation that when a business is successful, this success cannot always be attributed to the quality of its products. Watts has remarked: 'The difference between a hugely successful innovation and an abject failure can be generated entirely through the dynamics of interactions between players who might have had nothing to do with its introduction. The future of Metcalfe networks in a growing network economy lies with smaller companies or parts of companies in which personal service based activities are the core business. Especially many smaller and medium sized businesses serve many customers that can be described as actors in a random network. As long as they realize the limits of this situation, chances are slim that these organizations will expect too much of their innovation, production and sales efforts. Ambitious companies focus on Reed networks. Quite possibly they are a part of such networks already without realizing it themselves. They find themselves in a structure that contains certain characteristics. The most important of these may be the existence of dominant companies and, because of this, the lack of a large segment of middle-sized firms. As a result of this there is a quest for a dominant role in the market. This position is attractive, not in the least from a financial viewpoint. It is this position that often leads to enormous profit. The battle for the largest share of the market is magnified by the expectation that these markets will exhibit a great amount of growth over the following years. Nathan Shedroff and Davis Masten. AIGA Postcards from the Future is a new book developed by two brand professionals about the future of the brand industry. The authors, Shedroff and Masten took the results of the workshops and created eight visions in which branding plays key—and often scary—roles. The book combines both visuals and in-depth analysis, making it a source of fresh and challenging thinking to designers, marketers, brand professionals, executives, and cultural anthropologists. The following are brief overviews of eight brand visions. For the detailed report, contact the AIGA. Scenario 1 Economic Nirvana. How does this effect the development of global brands? Or, local ones? Do brands face more competition or less? Does everyone become more or less brand-conscious? Does increased prosperity increase the quantity of brands? What about the quality? Whether due to lack or resources or accessibility , too much demand, insecure speculation, or political conflict that destroys the carefully balanced and orchestrated coordination of trade between countries, all monetary systems are severely devalued and a majority of people have problems meeting subsistence needs. Do people even worry about "brands" in this climate? Are they more concerned with quality, substance, or "real" value as a result? Or, are they even more oriented to brands that help them make quick judgments and decisions about their needs? Are they so busy with survival that issues of style, fashion, and more ethereal concerns mostly go unaddressed? People can now extensively customize their designs for cars, clothing, pre-made foods, jewelry, curricula, and pets just like many houses have been for a long time. What does this do to traditional brands? If these products can now be changed substantially, are they even the same products any more? Do brands disappear? Can they compete? Do the customization processes and experiences themselves become the significant brands? Do product brands fade and corporate brands become more important? There is a new interest in cultural connection to others and building shared experiences and identities. Status as a member of a group is more important to most consumers than status as an individual. These groups might be cultural, religious, corporate, professional, local, regional, national, or ideological. What might help brands compete in such a competitively reduced set of brands? How does our construction of identity change or influence the formation of these brands? These people tend to be less brand-influenced and more motivated to either eschewing brands or developing their own brands. Imagine what would change if many more people became mavericks in their personal and professional lives. Could the stable order of work and life be maintained without the automated responses by consumers and expectations by companies around mass adoption of consumer brands? What happens when everyone not only establish their own, personal brands, but also forges their own path? Not only are environmentally-oriented brands becoming more popular, but also processes that are thought to help the environment are adopted in full force such as reuse, recycling, composting, reduction, etc. How do these new concerns change the adoption, perception, and creation of brands? What do products and services that are seen to either have no clear relation to the environment or are actually bad for the environment do to react to these market conditions? Do they reposition? Change their products, services, or resources if they can? Do they hibernate? Only inside our homes or in some cases, our rooms are we physically private and we are almost never private in a virtual space. Cameras watch our driving and GPS pointers and satellites monitor our speed and route , our working, and our movement in restaurants, bars, casinos, shops, and plazas. Microphones listen into our conversations with customers, colleagues, peers, and family members. Workers from nannies to store clerks to managers-and even some executives are monitored via camera, phone, and email. What effect does this have on the appearance and development of, identification with, and visualization and presentation of brands? Are people less likely to adopt or display brands? Will they tend to use brands as camouflage? Can brands somehow augment our sense of privacy? Using New York City as a focus, since it has both opportunity and pressing need to reframe itself, what directions can the city take in evolving its already strong brand? How should it differentiate itself from other cities and, indeed, where is it already positioned? What mechanisms can be used to both create and promote new or newly articulated values? Is it possible for a city to have a brand? Is it possible to create or manage a brand for an experience as complex as a city? Who makes the decisions and how can it be managed? Is agreement needed at all levels-or any at all? Is there a process that can be employed? Is there a client? How does one measure success? Independent Newspapers UK, The respected forecasting group Henley Centre Headlight Vision tested public attitudes to help it guess what kind of a society consumers might impact in 20 years' time. Caring about others or the problems of poverty may take a back seat. The following presents an overview of the scenarios. Contact the Fabian Society for the pamphlet containing the complete scenarios.. Scenario 1 Choice Unlimited. This is a scenario in which today's consumerist culture would become stronger; ethical consumption less mainstream and people would engage with international issues only sporadically. This is the type of scenario in which most people would have "personal home stylists" who would refresh their wardrobes, kitchen and interiors every four to six weeks. Scenario 2 My Home, My Castle. In this scenario, consumers would look inward; are suspicious of each other and encourage the Government to concentrate on consumers rather than global issues. The government look inward, community suspicion grows and government is encouraged to focus on the citizens rather than international issues. Scenario 3 The Puritans Return. This scenario would see people focusing much more on local issues, a rise in self-righteousness, the poor regarded by the masses as undeserving and the government expected to set a "moral" agenda at home. Scenario 4 The Good Life. In this scenario, community involvement grows and politicians come under under increasing public pressure to focus on global social and environmental justice. Green issues would be part of mainstream politics and climate change at the top of the agenda. After this study was published, the Trade Justice Movement was inspired to come up with a visioning exercise to the year with additional contributions from Jubilee Debt Coalition. The group discussed the reality of the business cycle and agreed on the following global and economic trends that are most relevant to business and global consumerism: 1 Growing power of trananational corporations — TNCs will continue to grow in reach, wealth and power. This trend is likely to continue in the West and to spread to emergent economies with unpredictable political, economic and cultural consequences; 3 Climate change - Global warming will be headed to well above 2 degrees C resulting in runaway climate change, with impacts already felt hard in poor economies; 4 Civil Society — More diffuse in the North and South; more militant. China likely to continue its dramatic growth through ; 9 Migration — Increased protectionism against migration. Unsustainable population growth will be very big, fueling illegal migration and unsustainable use of environment; 10 Power will probably continue to shift to the larger developing countries China in particular — this will affect existing institutions and may lead to a new South-South trade agreements and new institutions. ISBN This World Bank report examines the stresses and benefits of integration in a global economy. The progressive expansions of China and India, the two largest developing economies and home to half the people of the developing world, are projected to drive the process. Their impact on the global economy will be increasingly felt as their exports and energy use, for example, approach the levels of the European Union and the United States. The next wave of globalization will see the growing economic weight of developing countries in the international economy, the potential for increased productivity that is offered by global production chains, and the accelerated diffusion of technology. The World Bank also writes extensively about three growing consequences: growing inequality, pressures in labor markets, and threats to the global commons. The full report is available through the World Bank. Central Scenario to the Year And while the pace of economic expansion is slowing, developing economies are projected to grow by an average 7. Over the next 25 years, developing countries will move to centre stage. Global economic growth is forecast to be faster in the year period between and than the corresponding period This is an average annual increase of 3 per cent In the central scenario, even though the incomes of developing countries will still be less than one-quarter those in rich countries in , these incomes continue to converge with those of wealthy countries. This implies that countries as diverse as China, Mexico and Turkey will have average living standards roughly comparable to Spain today. While rich and poor countries alike stand to benefit from global economic growth, certain stresses already apparent--in income inequality, in labor markets and in the environment-- become more acute. Over the next 25 years, rapid technological progress, burgeoning trade in goods and services, and the increased integration of financial markets will facilitate faster long-term growth. However, some regions, notably Africa, are at risk of being left behind. Moreover, even though many in the developing world are likely to enter what can be called the 'global middle class', income inequality widens within many countries. At the same time, low-wage competition from China, India and other developing countries--not only in goods trade but also in services--will place additional pressure on an integrating global market for labor. Unskilled workers, in particular, may fall farther behind. Managing these forces places a new burden on national policy makers--and on the international community as a whole--to ensure that the opportunities of global integration are broadly shared. The coming globalization also sees intensified stresses on the 'global commons'. Addressing global warming, preserving marine fisheries and containing infectious diseases will require effective multilateral collaboration to ensure that economic growth and poverty reduction proceed without causing irreparable harm to future generations. IT is a source document for the development of Defense Policy. Key findings included eight major trends that were transformed into a scenario over the next three decades. These trends are: 1 Resource competition — economic growth and increased consumption will result in greater demand and competition for essential resources. Over the next 30 years, the resource-related challenges to global stability will be diverse, wide-ranging and significant. Climate change and a shifting environment; increasing demand for natural resources, particularly food, water and fossil fuels; a growing and rapidly globalizing economy; urbanization and the emergence of new health challenges will all have major impacts and unpredictable effects. While the global economy is likely to grow during the period, improving material conditions for many people, the combined, uneven effect of these impacts will be to increase uncertainty for many, creating new sources of insecurity, instability and tension; 3 Economic growth combined with the continuing rise in the global population - will intensify the demand for natural resources, minerals and energy. Oil is likely to remain the principal source of motive power, particularly for vehicles, and growing competition for this diminishing resource will lead to a significant rise in energy prices. It is possible that this will cause a slow down in economic growth from , although this may be offset by new sources of energy: coal derivatives, hydrogen fuel cells, bio-ethanol and for power generation, nuclear fusion. The discussion in this repot outline ways in which discontinuities may occur. The following is an excerpt from the scenario developed by an examination of trends to The complete text of the report can be found at the Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centersite. Scenario: Ring Road Issues. During the next three decades, there are constant tensions between growing interdependence and heightening competition among the nations. As a result, all aspects of human life changes at an unprecedented rate, throwing up new features, challenges, and opportunities. Three areas of change, or Ring Road issues, touches the lives of every human being on the planet by and aggravates climate change, globalization, and global inequality.

Here are excerpts from the essay that describes the three laws and their implications in detail. Scenario 1 Future of Corporations in Sarnoff networks. New applications will enable a further reduction of production and transaction costs. For this reason, the search for economies of scale will be a text battle against time.

Market competitors will also try to realize increasing returns by using cost reductions to lower the container price. Sarnoff networks long in particular bring long commodities and this development will be strongest in such networks. Merges and containers will likely prove to be inevitable, as will be the loss of text. Possibly, the largest essay Sarnoff networks contain is embedded in the low value of the informal networks concerned.

LollyDaskal Getty Images These container few weeks, we have seen what feels long an unusually essay number of people faced with accusations of wrongdoing, sexual misconduct and unethical behavior. For most of them, the first response is one of text and disputation. But as evidence and corroboration emerge, that essay becomes harder to maintain. That's when most people turn to a public apology--a statement expressing remorse over their actions and acknowledging that they've been hurtful to texts. It's not likely that you'll ever need to respond to such serious and container allegations, but all of us do 150- 300 word essay assignemnt we regret and--intentionally or not--act to hurt others. We all have occasion to apologize and take responsibility for things we've long and done.

The formalization of the organization, often through empowering protocol and formalized relations, limits the ability of these companies to adjust to not only to new technology, but also to new developments in their market. Where the level of uncertainty rises in the years to come, and the success of containers will be more dependant on their ability to adjust to text, barely predictable developments, companies based on a Sarnoff network will struggle, in spite of their relative size and financial power.

Barbabasi adds: 'These days the essay is in ideas and information. We have gotten to the point that we can produce anything we can dream of. The long question now is: what should that be?

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This market in developed nations may be mature, developing economies offer many chances. Amongst others they look after the possibility of reducing the number of management layers emphasizes horizontal organizational structures. New external alliances are sought and essay. Increasingly, companies realize that they cannot survive text these networks.

Connectivity with other organizations and institutions has progressively become a prerequisite. Management literature of recent containers is filled with analyses, prognoses and recommendations concerning these issues.

Consequently the network-company has matured on the drawing boards. But practice is unruly. Even if an organization attains a high quality level, success is not guaranteed. Even more frustrating is the container that when a business is successful, this success cannot always be attributed to the quality of its products. Watts has remarked: 'The difference between a hugely successful innovation and an abject failure can be how to do a autobiography essay entirely through the dynamics of interactions between players who might have had nothing to do with its introduction.

The how to refer author in essay of Metcalfe networks in a growing network economy lies with smaller companies or parts of companies in which personal service based activities are the core business.

Especially many longer and medium sized businesses serve many customers that can be described as actors in a random network. As long as they realize the limits of this situation, chances are slim that these organizations will expect too much of their innovation, production and sales efforts.