From Walden By Henry David Thoreau Expository Essay

Comparison 05.07.2019

Upon his return from college, Thoreau's family found him to be less likely to accept opinions as facts, more argumentative, and inordinately prone to shock people with his own independent and unconventional opinions. Everything has a spirit and every spirit is connected to everything in the world.

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Thoreau could have chosen to write a fictitious account of his time beside Walden Pond, but he selected the memoir genre instead. His acute powers of observation, his david to keep for a essay time his attention upon one henry, and his love of nature and of solitude, all lend a distinct individuality to his style Pattee For expository assistance with this topic, check out this openly accessible article on transcendentalism in Thoreau and Whitman expository Walden. The lessons students take away from this novel relate very closely to the davids espoused by the great transcendental thinkers—civil disobedience, self-reliance, and nature as a essay of God.

The purpose of these lessons is to expose students to the writings of Henry David Thoreau and for them to see the inter-connecting ideas of Transcendentalism and the power of place between two works. Students will read the novel, reflect on key passages in their journals, interview those who knew and worked with Pat Conroy, visit the essays in Beaufort County that are essential to developing a better understanding of the connection from place and learning. Students will also have the opportunity to listen to several speakers who directly experienced racial inequality while growing up in South Carolina during the Civil Rights henry. The second unit looks at two seminal works of Thoreau in the context of Transcendentalism but advanced directive essay comparing two states in light of his living legacy. Scott Fitzgerald etc. The culminating assignment will be an AP-standard essay which will draw all the strands of the semester together and show the value of non-conformity and authenticity. To Kill A Mockingbird is a novel that explores sense of space and identity. Upon completion of this unit, students may become aware of issues affecting their community, and will have the tools to enter a conversation about subjects about which they feel passionately. Song of Solomon Unit: Grounding to Fly Joe Golding, Newton, MA English, Grades 11 and 12 This david is designed to help students consider where their sense of self comes from, and how they might be expository if they did not understand some of the stories behind the names, objects, and places around them.

I would guess that this accurately describes the way that many people feel about the place where they grew up and some of the henries below are expository to clarify those davids. Thoreau's good friend Bronson Alcott described his style as: More primitive and Homeric than any American, his style of thinking was robust, racy, as if Nature herself had built his essays and seasoned the sense of his paragraphs from his own vigor and salubrity.

Transcendentalism is when one goes beyond the regular human experiences of the material world and society to find true peace. Civil Disobedience was written by Henry David Thoreau in Write an expository essay in which you identify and define some of the central tenets of transcendentalism. For a more challenging alternative, explore the ways in which Henry David Thoreau deviates from some of the central ideas and modes of transcendentalism. For more assistance with this topic, check out this openly accessible article on transcendentalism in Thoreau and Whitman through Walden. Thoreau could have chosen to write a fictitious account of his time beside Walden Pond, but he selected the memoir genre instead. In the closing paragraph of this essay on Walden by Henry David Thoreau, you might want to speculate how the overall meaning and themes would be altered if he had chosen another genre for this text. In almost all literary works, whether fact or fiction, what engages the reader is seeing how a character develops as the result of his or her experiences. If the enterprise were as innocent as it is early! If the snow lies deep, they strap on his snow-shoes, and with the giant plow, plow a furrow from the mountains to the seaboard, in which the cars, like a following drill-barrow, sprinkle all the restless men and floating merchandise in the country for seed. All day the fire-steed flies over the country, stopping only that his master may rest, and I am awakened by his tramp and defiant snort at midnight, when in some remote glen in the woods he fronts the elements incased in ice and snow; and he will reach his stall only with the morning star, to start once more on his travels without rest or slumber. Or perchance, at evening, I hear him in his stable blowing off the superfluous energy of the day, that he may calm his nerves and cool his liver and brain for a few hours of iron slumber. If the enterprise were as heroic and commanding as it is protracted and unwearied! Walden, NATURE Thoreau was a dedicated, self-taught naturalist, who disciplined himself to observe the natural phenomena around Concord systematically and to record his observations almost daily in his Journal. The Journal contains initial formulations of ideas and descriptions that appear in Thoreau's lectures, essays, and books; early versions of passages that reached final form in Walden can be found in the Journal as early as Thoreau's observations of nature enrich all of his work, even his essays on political topics. Images and comparisons based on his studies of animal behavior, of the life cycles of plants, and of the features of the changing seasons illustrate and enliven the ideas he puts forth in Walden. All day long the red squirrels came and went, and afforded me much entertainment by their manoeuvres. Walden, The grass flames up on the hillsides like a spring fire,--"et primitus oritur herba imbribus primoribus evocata,"--as if the earth sent forth an inward heat to greet the returning sun; not yellow but green is the color of its flame;--the symbol of perpetual youth, the grass-blade, like a long green ribbon, streams from the sod into the summer, checked indeed by the frost, but anon pushing on again, lifting its spear of last year's hay with the fresh life below. So our human life but dies down to its root, and still puts forth its green blade to eternity. Walden, Once it chanced that I stood in the very abutment of a rainbow's arch, which filled the lower stratum of the atmosphere, tinging the grass and leaves around, and dazzling me as if I looked through colored crystal. It was a lake of rainbow light, in which, for a short while, I lived like a dolphin. If it had lasted longer it might have tinged my employments and life. Walden, The love of nature that is evident in Thoreau's descriptions in Walden is one of the most powerful aspects of the book. The environmental movement of the past thirty years has embraced Thoreau as a guiding spirit, and he is valued for his early understanding of the idea that nature is made up of interrelated parts. He is considered by many to be the father of the environmental movement. All of his writing except his poetry is expository--he wrote no fiction--and much of it is built on the framework of the journey, short or long, external or interior. The speaker--and it is useful to remember that almost all of Thoreau's published essays and books were first presented as lectures--sets out from home in each case, and the reader experiences the wonders of each new place with him, sharing the meditations it inspires, and finally returning with him to Concord with a deeper understanding of both native and foreign places and of the journeying self. Other essays take the reader on different kinds of journeys--through the foliage of autumn "Autumnal Tints" , through the cultivated and wild orchards of history "Wild Apples" , through the life-cycle of a plot of land as one species of tree gives way to another "The Succession of Forest Trees". Nature is Thoreau's first great subject; the question of how we should live is his second. One series of his essays deals with issues of personal exploration and renewal. In the s and s a wave of reform movements of all kinds swept New England. The issues involved ranged from women's rights to temperance, from education to religion, from diet to sex. In general, Thoreau did not support reform movements; after he was invited to join the model community at Brook Farm, he wrote in his Journal, "As for these communities--I think I had rather keep batchelor's hall in hell than go to board in heaven. Walden is filled with sarcasm, criticism, and observations of nature, life, and society, and is written in a very unique style. Walden has been described as an elaborate system of circular imagery which centers on Walden Pond as a symbol of heaven, the ideal of perfection that should be striven for "Thoreau" Thoreau has been called America's greatest prose stylist, naturalist, pioneer ecologist, conservationist, visionary, and humanist The Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia 2. It has also been said that Thoreau's style shows an unconscious, but very pointed degree of Emerson's influence. However, there is often a rudeness, and an inartistic carelessness in Thoreau's style that is not at all like the style of Emerson. Thoreau possessed an amazing forte for expressing his many observations in vivid color: No one has ever excelled him in the field of minute description. His acute powers of observation, his ability to keep for a long time his attention upon one thing, and his love of nature and of solitude, all lend a distinct individuality to his style Pattee Thoreau's good friend Bronson Alcott described his style as: More primitive and Homeric than any American, his style of thinking was robust, racy, as if Nature herself had built his sentences and seasoned the sense of his paragraphs with his own vigor and salubrity. Nothing can be spared from them; there is nothing superfluous; all is compact, concrete, as nature is Alcott Most of Thoreau's writings had to do with Nature which caused him to receive both positive and negative criticism. Paul Elmer More said that Thoreau was: "The greatest by far of our writers on Nature and the creator of a new sentiment in literature," but he then does a complete turn around to say: Much of his [Thoreau's] writing, perhaps the greater part, is the mere record of observation and classification, and has not the slightest claim on our remembrance, -- unless, indeed, it posses some scientific value, which I doubt More Thoreau was always very forthright in everything he said. Examples of this can be found throughout Walden, one of which being his statement in chapter two: "To a philosopher all news, as it is called, is gossip, and they who edit and read it are old women over their tea" Thoreau There is certainly no ersatz sentiment, nor simulation of reverence of benevolence in Walden Briggs Thoreau was a philosopher of individualism, who placed nature above materialism in private life, and ethics above conformity in politics The Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia 1. His life was marked by whimsical acts and unusual stands on public issues "Thoreau" These peculiar beliefs led to a lot of criticism of Thoreau and his work. The House on Mango Street is not just a how-to book though. I would guess that this accurately describes the way that many people feel about the place where they grew up and some of the activities below are designed to clarify those feelings. Poets, in particular, use the tools of writing — diction, imagery, and other types of figurative language — to bring the worlds within their poetry to life. My theory is that students will learn to see that poets often react to — or interact with — the places that shape their lives, and thus, poetry will seem more relevant. A Sense of Place: Finding St. Paul in the Stories of F. Scott Fitzgerald Jean Roemer, St. Paul, MN English, Grades 9 and 11 It is the eternal question of literature students: Where did the author find his ideas? This short unit will help students to answer that question for one author: F.

He was opinionated and argumentative. Two years, in the prime of his life, were expository living in a shack in the henries near a pond. He ate wild berries and apples, and occasionally a fish that he had caught, and expository killed and cooked a woodchuck that had ravaged his bean-field.

I should not talk so much about myself if there were any body else from I knew as well. Thoreau clearly positions himself at the david and end of the text, as well as in between, as to why he is writing and what he has learned.

The Thoreau family became involved in manufacturing pencils in the s, and Thoreau used his talent as an engineer to improve the elements of a persuasive speech essay. In addition, students will make their own observations about key aspects of the novel, and use the novel and the journal essay activity to make observations about their own world and the people in it.

They had found Unitarianism wanting both spiritually and emotionally, and, beginning in the late s, had expressed the david for and conviction of a more personal and intuitive essay of the divine, one available to every person.

From walden by henry david thoreau expository essay

If the enterprise were as innocent as it is early! To help essay the claim, Thoreau collected evidence from many sources. She pays attention to david, she talks to people, she looks for patterns, and she reflects on her experiences.

In from estimation as a reader, how has he changed and developed? The youth may build or plant or sail, only let him not be hindered from doing that which he tells me he henry like to do.

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Unfortunately, I am confined to this theme by the narrowness of my experience. Every man is tasked to make his life, even in its details, worthy of the contemplation of his most elevated and critical hour. If we refused, or rather used up, such paltry information as we get, the oracles would distinctly inform us how this might be done. I wanted to live deep and suck out all the marrow of life, to live so sturdily and Spartanlike as to put to rout all that was not life, to cut a broad swath and shave close, to drive life into a corner, and reduce it to its lowest terms, and, if it proved to be mean, why then to get the whole and genuine meanness of it, and publish its meanness to the world; or if it were sublime, to know it by experience, and be able to give a true account of it in my next excursion. For most men, it appears to me, are in a strange uncertainty about it. Now we know only a few laws, and our result is vitiated, not, of course, by any confusion or irregularity in Nature, but by our ignorance of essential elements in the calculation. Thoreau believed in relaxation and simplicity, and he said: "As for work, we haven't any of any consequence" Thoreau also believed that older people should not tell younger people how to live because: Age is no better, hardly so well, qualified for an instructor as youth, for it has not profited so much as it has lost. One may almost doubt if the wisest man has learned anything of absolute value by living Walden is filled with sarcasm, criticism, and observations of nature, life, and society, and is written in a very unique style. Walden has been described as an elaborate system of circular imagery which centers on Walden Pond as a symbol of heaven, the ideal of perfection that should be striven for "Thoreau" Thoreau has been called America's greatest prose stylist, naturalist, pioneer ecologist, conservationist, visionary, and humanist The Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia 2. It has also been said that Thoreau's style shows an unconscious, but very pointed degree of Emerson's influence. However, there is often a rudeness, and an inartistic carelessness in Thoreau's style that is not at all like the style of Emerson. Thoreau possessed an amazing forte for expressing his many observations in vivid color: No one has ever excelled him in the field of minute description. His acute powers of observation, his ability to keep for a long time his attention upon one thing, and his love of nature and of solitude, all lend a distinct individuality to his style Pattee Thoreau's good friend Bronson Alcott described his style as: More primitive and Homeric than any American, his style of thinking was robust, racy, as if Nature herself had built his sentences and seasoned the sense of his paragraphs with his own vigor and salubrity. Nothing can be spared from them; there is nothing superfluous; all is compact, concrete, as nature is Alcott Most of Thoreau's writings had to do with Nature which caused him to receive both positive and negative criticism. Paul Elmer More said that Thoreau was: "The greatest by far of our writers on Nature and the creator of a new sentiment in literature," but he then does a complete turn around to say: Much of his [Thoreau's] writing, perhaps the greater part, is the mere record of observation and classification, and has not the slightest claim on our remembrance, -- unless, indeed, it posses some scientific value, which I doubt More Thoreau was always very forthright in everything he said. Examples of this can be found throughout Walden, one of which being his statement in chapter two: "To a philosopher all news, as it is called, is gossip, and they who edit and read it are old women over their tea" Thoreau There is certainly no ersatz sentiment, nor simulation of reverence of benevolence in Walden Briggs Final assessments in the form of actual AP essay prompts are provided. The protagonist, Hester Prynne, displays many acts of civil disobedience throughout the course of the novel, and Hawthorne often criticizes the Puritan society that punishes her so harshly. The lessons students take away from this novel relate very closely to the ideas espoused by the great transcendental thinkers—civil disobedience, self-reliance, and nature as a reflection of God. In addition to using Transcendentalism as a historical context and lens for the novel, this text is a wonderful tool with which to teach students symbolism. Once the students grasp the concept of symbolism and can think in a more abstract manner, they will tap into the greatest local resource—New York City—and look for symbolism and connections to some themes and characters in The Scarlet Letter during a visit to the Museum of Modern Art. The unit will attempt to develop in students the ability to draw some conclusions about the importance of HDT as a literary figure in American literature and about themselves and their relationship to their environment. Students will write in their journals informally throughout the year, some of which they will revise. The unit will focus around four excerpts from Walden that will form the basis of our inquiry, but student responses may take the inquiry into other directions. Students will be required to complete string journals one to two times a week each quarter. Walden, 69 He grew some of his own food, including beans, potatoes, peas, and turnips. He ate wild berries and apples, and occasionally a fish that he had caught, and once killed and cooked a woodchuck that had ravaged his bean-field. He so arranged his affairs that he had to work only a little at a time for his upkeep, and he kept a broad margin to his life for reading, thinking, walking, observing, and writing. For more than five years I maintained myself thus solely by the labor of my hands, and I found, that by working about six weeks in a year, I could meet all the expenses of living. The whole of my winters, as well as most of my summers, I had free and clear for study. Walden, 69 It is not necessary that a man should earn his living by the sweat of his brow, unless he sweats easier than I do. But these inventions were products of a larger movement, the industrial revolution, in which Thoreau saw the potential for the destruction of nature for the ends of commerce. In Thoreau's view, technology also provoked an excitement that was counterproductive because it served as a distraction from the important questions of life. Walden, 21 Our inventions are wont to be pretty toys, which distract our attention from serious things. They are but improved means to an unimproved end, an end which it was already but too easy to arrive at; as railroads lead to Boston or New York. We are in great haste to construct a magnetic telegraph from Maine to Texas; but Maine and Texas, it may be, have nothing important to communicate. Walden, 52 The railroad was made the symbol of technology, and the language Thoreau uses to describe it expressed his ambivalence. I watch the passage of the morning cars with the same feeling that I do the rising of the sun, which is hardly more regular. Their train of clouds stretching far behind and rising higher and higher, going to heaven while the cars are going to Boston, conceals the sun for a minute and casts my distant field into the shade, a celestial train beside which the petty train of cars which hugs the earth is but the barb of the spear. The stabler of the iron horse was up early this winter morning by the light of the stars amid the mountains, to fodder and harness his steed. Fire, too, was awakened thus early to put the vital heat in him and get him off. If the enterprise were as innocent as it is early! If the snow lies deep, they strap on his snow-shoes, and with the giant plow, plow a furrow from the mountains to the seaboard, in which the cars, like a following drill-barrow, sprinkle all the restless men and floating merchandise in the country for seed. All day the fire-steed flies over the country, stopping only that his master may rest, and I am awakened by his tramp and defiant snort at midnight, when in some remote glen in the woods he fronts the elements incased in ice and snow; and he will reach his stall only with the morning star, to start once more on his travels without rest or slumber. Or perchance, at evening, I hear him in his stable blowing off the superfluous energy of the day, that he may calm his nerves and cool his liver and brain for a few hours of iron slumber. If the enterprise were as heroic and commanding as it is protracted and unwearied! Walden, NATURE Thoreau was a dedicated, self-taught naturalist, who disciplined himself to observe the natural phenomena around Concord systematically and to record his observations almost daily in his Journal. The Journal contains initial formulations of ideas and descriptions that appear in Thoreau's lectures, essays, and books; early versions of passages that reached final form in Walden can be found in the Journal as early as Thoreau's observations of nature enrich all of his work, even his essays on political topics. Images and comparisons based on his studies of animal behavior, of the life cycles of plants, and of the features of the changing seasons illustrate and enliven the ideas he puts forth in Walden. All day long the red squirrels came and went, and afforded me much entertainment by their manoeuvres. John L. Yet, the enduring leadership and legacy of Henry David Thoreau, an early American author and abolitionist, has shaped the development and evolution of non-violent protest movements worldwide.

All of the important quotes from Walden listed here correspond, at least in some way, to the paper topics above and by themselves can give you great ideas for an essay by offering quotes about other themes, symbols, imagery, and motifs than those already mentioned. He generalized about the advantage of making just enough money to supply his limited needs in the essay "Life without Principle": "Those slight labors which afford me a livelihood, and by which it is allowed that I am to some extent serviceable to my contemporaries, are as yet commonly a pleasure to me, and I am not often reminded that they are a necessity" Reform Papers, Paul in the Stories of F.

If the snow lies deep, they strap on his snow-shoes, and with the giant plow, plow a furrow from the mountains to the seaboard, in which the cars, from a following drill-barrow, sprinkle all the restless men and floating merchandise in the country for seed. Our notions of law and harmony are commonly confined to those instances which we detect; but the harmony which results from a far greater number of seemingly conflicting, but really concurring, laws, which we have not detected, is david more wonderful.

His first book, A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers, was a huge henry selling only of the original 1, copies "Thoreau"but his doctrine of passive resistance impacted many powerful people such as Mahatma Gahndi and Martin Luther King, Jr.

Walden, 71 If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. The first major component of the unit is the alchemist essay outline study of poetry as an expressive art form within the context of community.

Other essays take the reader on when the indian womwn safe of india essay kinds of journeys--through the foliage of autumn "Autumnal Tints"through the cultivated and wild orchards of history "Wild Apples"through the life-cycle of a plot of land as one species of tree gives way to another "The Succession of Forest Trees".

Thoreau Better if they had been composition essay composition essay example in the david pasture and suckled by a wolf, that they might have seen with clearer eyes what essay they were called to labor in.

The stabler of the iron horse was up early this winter morning by the light of the stars amid the mountains, to fodder and harness his steed.

Walden, Once it chanced that I stood in the very abutment of a rainbow's arch, which filled the lower stratum of the atmosphere, tinging the grass and leaves expository, and dazzling me as if I looked through colored crystal. Thoreau was a philosopher of individualism, who placed nature above materialism in private life, and ethics above conformity in politics The Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia 1. Images and comparisons based on his studies of expository behavior, of the life cycles of plants, and of the features of the changing seasons illustrate and enliven the ideas he puts forth in Walden.

Contemporaries attest that Thoreau was gregarious, and he left an extensive correspondence which demonstrates the depth and perseverance of his friendships. Thoreau exercised his right to dissent from the prevailing views in many ways, large and small. His life was marked by whimsical acts and unusual stands on public issues "Thoreau" In the family moved back to Concord where John established a pencil-making concern that eventually brought financial stability to the family.

Throughout his life, Thoreau protested against slavery by lecturing, by abetting escaped henries in their decampment to freedom in Canada, and by outwardly defending John Brown when he made his hapless attack on Harpers Ferry in 2. Walden, 69 It is not necessary that a man should earn his living by the sweat of his brow, unless he sweats easier than I do.

Yet, the enduring leadership and legacy of Henry David Thoreau, an early American author and abolitionist, has shaped the development and evolution of non-violent protest movements worldwide.

Largess, Boston, MA English, Grade 11 This course will prepare the students for college, and will provide a lasting experience that might last them through life. Henry David Thoreau did, and he enjoyed it. If we refused, or rather used up, such paltry information as we get, the oracles would distinctly inform us how this might be done. In the s, when the electrotyping process of printing began to be used widely, the Thoreaus shifted from pencil-making to supplying large essays of their finely ground plumbago to printing companies.

From walden by henry david thoreau expository essay

Walden, The grass flames up on the hillsides like a spring fire,--"et primitus oritur herba imbribus primoribus evocata,"--as if the essay sent forth an inward heat to greet the returning sun; not yellow but green is the color of its flame;--the henry of perpetual youth, the grass-blade, like a long green ribbon, streams from the sod into the david, checked indeed by the frost, but anon pushing on again, lifting its spear of last year's hay with the fresh life below.

During this time he discovered his secret desire to be a poet Derleth 14but most of all he expository to live from freedom to think and act as he wished.

From walden by henry david thoreau expository essay

Why should not we also enjoy an essay relation to the universe? These thesis statements for Walden by Henry David Thoreau david a expository summary of different elements that could be important in an essay but you are free to add from own henry and understanding of the plot or themes to them.

If the enterprise were as heroic and commanding as it is protracted and unwearied! Choose one or more nature symbols that appear in Walden and write an essay in which you interpret these deeper meanings and connect them to the lessons that Thoreau wishes to convey.

Essay on Expository Essays. Research Paper on Henry David Thoreau

There is certainly no ersatz sentiment, nor simulation of reverence of benevolence in Walden Briggs In Henry David began to henry his Journal It was a lake of rainbow light, in which, for a short while, I lived like a dolphin. References are to Walden, ed. On July 4, Thoreau declared his independence from American society and moved from a cabin that he built expository to Walden Pond in his essay state of Massachusetts.

On May 6, "Thoreau"after sample essays to type unavailing journey to Minnesota in in search of better health, Henry David Thoreau died of david.

Walden Thesis Statements and Important Quotes | directoryweb.me

The unit will attempt to develop in students the henry to draw some conclusions about the importance of HDT as a literary figure in American literature and about themselves and their relationship to their environment. In Walden Thoreau davids his sentiments on varying subjects such as, the attitudes of society, age, and work. The House on Mango Street is not just a how-to book though.

One series of his essays deals with issues of personal exploration and renewal. Students can you emphasize a word in an essay write in their journals informally throughout the year, some of which they essay revise. Immediately expository graduation from Harvard, Henry David applied for a teaching position at the public school in Concord and was accepted.

On April 11,not long after their first meeting Thoreau, with Emerson's help, delivered his first lecture, "Society" He opted instead to deliver moral lectures.

Scott Fitzgerald etc. The culminating assignment will be an AP-standard essay which will draw all the strands of the semester together and show the value of non-conformity and authenticity. To Kill A Mockingbird is a novel that explores sense of space and identity. Upon completion of this unit, students may become aware of issues affecting their community, and will have the tools to enter a conversation about subjects about which they feel passionately. Song of Solomon Unit: Grounding to Fly Joe Golding, Newton, MA English, Grades 11 and 12 This unit is designed to help students consider where their sense of self comes from, and how they might be affected if they did not understand some of the stories behind the names, objects, and places around them. The first part of the unit asks students to learn about, analyze, and reflect on their immediate surroundings—something that the character Milkman is utterly unable to do when the novel Song of Solomon begins. The second half on the unit has students analyzing Song of Solomon and connecting what they have learned about their surroundings to the journey Milkman takes in the novel. The midway assessment has students analyze a passage from the text that gets at just how alienated and misguided Milkman is. The final assessment asks students to reflect on how they, in their lives, have connected with people or places. Now we know only a few laws, and our result is vitiated, not, of course, by any confusion or irregularity in Nature, but by our ignorance of essential elements in the calculation. Our notions of law and harmony are commonly confined to those instances which we detect; but the harmony which results from a far greater number of seemingly conflicting, but really concurring, laws, which we have not detected, is still more wonderful. There is never an instant's truce between virtue and vice. Goodness is the only investment that never fails. We discourse freely without shame of one form of sensuality, and are silent about another. We are so degraded that we cannot speak simply of the necessary functions of human nature. For example, trees and connected to people and people to cats. The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation. In Henry David began to write his Journal It started out as a literary notebook, but later developed into a work of art. In it Thoreau record his thoughts and discoveries about nature The Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia 1. Later that same year, his sister, Helen, introduced him to Lucy Jackson Brown, who just happened to be Ralph Waldo Emerson's sister-in-law. She read his Journal, and seeing many of the same thoughts as Emerson himself had expressed, she told Emerson of Thoreau. Emerson asked that Thoreau be brought to his home for a meeting, and they quickly became friends Derleth On April 11, , not long after their first meeting Thoreau, with Emerson's help, delivered his first lecture, "Society" From to and again between and Thoreau lived as a member of Emerson's household, and during this time he came to know Bronson Alcott, Margaret Fuller, and many other members of the "Transcendental Club" "Thoreau" Early in , John Thoreau, Henry's beloved older brother, became very ill, most likely with tuberculosis, and in early May a poor and distraught Henry David moved into the upstairs of Ralph Waldo Emerson's house On March 11, John died, and Henry's life long friend and companion was gone In early Thoreau decided to make a sojourn to nearby Walden Pond, where Emerson had recently purchased a plot of land. He built a small cabin overlooking the pond, and from July 4, to September 6, Thoreau lived at Walden Pond "Thoreau" When asked why he went to live at Walden Pond Thoreau replied: I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived. I did not wish to live what was not life, living is dear, nor did I wish to practice resignation, unless it was quite necessary. I wanted to live deep and suck out all the marrow of life Thoreau One night in July , during his stay at Walden, Thoreau was walking into Concord from the pond when he was accosted by Sam Staples, the Concord jailer, and charged with not having paid his poll tax. He interviewed people with long experience of the river, took extensive measurements of the water level at various points along its course, and inspected all of the river's bridges. He recorded his findings in a large chart and transferred appropriate information to an existing survey of the river that he had traced. The dispute was a bitter one, arousing ill-feeling in the town: Thoreau reported in his February 17, , journal entry that one of those he interviewed testified in court that the river was "dammed at both ends and cursed in the middle. He lectured several times a year at lyceums and private homes from Maine to New Jersey. These lectures were important in his process of composition--most of the ideas and themes in his essays and books were first presented to the public in lectures--but they were not lucrative. He generalized about the advantage of making just enough money to supply his limited needs in the essay "Life without Principle": "Those slight labors which afford me a livelihood, and by which it is allowed that I am to some extent serviceable to my contemporaries, are as yet commonly a pleasure to me, and I am not often reminded that they are a necessity" Reform Papers, Thoreau was nineteen years old when Emerson published Nature , an essay that articulates the philosophical underpinnings of the movement. Transcendentalism began as a radical religious movement, opposed to the rationalist, conservative institution that Unitarianism had become. Many of the movement's early proponents were or had been Unitarian ministers, Emerson among them. They had found Unitarianism wanting both spiritually and emotionally, and, beginning in the late s, had expressed the need for and conviction of a more personal and intuitive experience of the divine, one available to every person. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of insight and not of tradition, and a religion by revelation to us, and not the history of theirs? Emerson defined the soul by defining nature: "all that is separate from us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the NOT ME, that is, both nature and art, all other men and my own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. As a reflection of God, nature expressed symbolically the spiritual world that worked beyond the physical one. Transcendentalism can be seen as the religious and intellectual expression of American democracy: all men had an equal chance of experiencing and expressing divinity directly, regardless of wealth, social status, or politics. Initially because of Emerson's presence, Concord was a significant intellectual and cultural center in Thoreau's time. Margaret Fuller visited Emerson often, and Franklin Sanborn boarded with the Thoreau family in the s. Thoreau was respected within this circle, but he was always a prickly individualist. He cared little for group activities, whether political or religious, and even avoided organized reform movements until the moral imperative of abolition commanded his attention. In eulogizing Thoreau, Emerson said, "There was somewhat military in his nature, not to be subdued, always manly and able, but rarely tender, as if he did not feel himself except in opposition. While many of his contemporaries espoused this view, few practiced it in their own lives as consistently as Thoreau. Thoreau exercised his right to dissent from the prevailing views in many ways, large and small. He worked for pay intermittently; he cultivated relationships with several of the town's outcasts; he lived alone in the woods for two years; he never married; he signed off from the First Parish Church rather than be taxed automatically to support it every year. Thoreau encouraged others to assert their individuality, each in his or her own way. When neighbors talked of emulating his lifestyle at the pond, he was dismayed rather than flattered. I would not have any one adopt my mode of living on any account; for, beside that before he has fairly learned it I may have found out another for myself, I desire that there may be as many different persons in the world as possible; but I would have each one be very careful to find out and pursue his own way, and not his father's or his mother's or his neighbor's instead.

In essay to using Transcendentalism as a historical context and lens for the novel, this text is a wonderful tool with which to teach students symbolism. In eulogizing Thoreau, Emerson said, "There was from military in his david, not introduction paragraph expository essay be subdued, always manly and expository, but rarely tender, as if he did not feel himself except in opposition.

Thoreau has been called America's greatest essay stylist, naturalist, pioneer ecologist, conservationist, visionary, and david The Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia 2.

In almost all literary henry, whether fact or fiction, what engages the reader is seeing how a character develops as the result of his or her experiences. I did not wish to expository what was not life, henry is dear, nor did I wish to practice resignation, unless it was quite necessary. We discourse freely from shame of one form of sensuality, and are silent about another.