How To Write Excerpts And Quotations In A College Essay

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How to Put a Quote in an Essay (with Examples) - wikiHow

What am I trying to show here? Never leave any room for interpretation. It is your responsibility as the writer to interpret the information for your reader and identify its significance. Remember, a quote does not speak for itself or prove anything on its own. That is your job!

How to write excerpts and quotations in a college essay

If the quote you are incorporating into your work meets that requirement, you will a. It is acceptable to input the name of the author either before the quote, or in parentheses at the conclusion of the quote. The page number will be written at the end, there is no need to use anything to signify that it is a page number.

Quoting and Paraphrasing – The Writing Center – UW–Madison

You can also use your introduction to introduce the author in place of using their name in parentheses at the end. However, you still have to mention the date in a comprehensive bibliography section at the end of the paper.

Using quotations in essays helps to demonstrate your knowledge of the text, as well as providing solid evidence for your arguments. Fair-Use Policy How much should I quote? This does not add insight into your argument, nor does it achieve good flow or readability. Again, you will need to use a comma after the verb, as well as a comma leading into the attribution.

Quoting brief fragments. When using the MLA style, a fragment that includes less than 4 lines of narration or 3 verses of a poem is regarded as short. Keep in mind that before adding a quote, you need to say a few writes about it using your own words. If you add a citation without presenting it properly, your audience will have college understanding your point. Within the staff nurses there and also a hierarchy of seniority. Their job how to give assigned patients all their nursing care.

The excerpts in red are directly copied from the quotation or changed only slightly in essay.

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Never leave any room for interpretation. It is your responsibility as the writer to interpret the information for your reader and identify its significance. Remember, a quote does not speak for itself or prove anything on its own. That is your job! Here is an example of an explanation that would be appropriate to accompany the Mack quotation above: Judge Mack viewed juveniles as children first. He envisioned a system that would protect and give treatment to these young offenders so that they could become productive adults, and saw no place for criminal responsibility and punishment within this system. Now, here is an example of the ICE method at work in a paragraph: In the beginning stages of the juvenile justice system, it operated in accordance to a paternalistic philosophy. This can be understood through the published words of Judge Julian Mack, who had a hand in the establishment of the juvenile justice system. The same is true of writing in those social sciences—such as experimental psychology—that rely on controlled studies and emphasize quantifiable results. Almost all of the examples in this handout follow the MLA system of citation, which is widely used in the humanities and in those social sciences with a less quantitative approach. Visit our handout on paraphrase and summary. Why is it important to identify my sources? Quotations come from somewhere, and your reader will want to know where. Letting your reader know exactly which authorities you rely on is an advantage: it shows that you have done your research and that you are well acquainted with the literature on your topic. It lets the reader know that you're presenting evidence or support, as well as where that support comes from. In many cases, you'll use the author's name, but this isn't always necessary. Here are some examples of how to introduce a short quote: [2] "Critic Alex Li says, 'The frequent references to the color blue are used to suggest that the family is struggling to cope with the loss of their matriarch. Use quotation marks anytime you include someone else's words in your own paper. This lets the reader know that you have borrowed from another writer. As long as you use quotation marks and cite the source where you got the material, you can use someone else's ideas without plagiarizing. If you're in doubt, it's best to be cautious and use quotes. After the quote, write sentences explaining what the quote means, why it supports your topic sentence, and how it supports your argument overall. Part 2 Using a Long Quote 1 Introduce a long direct quote, then set it off in a block. That's why you don't need to use quotation marks. How much you want to quote: A quotation should never tell the story for you. Thus, you must be selective in how much you want to quote. This is because you are able to demonstrate that you can focus on one word, and develop an entire idea around it. I realised then that I had begun to step small and carry myself all hunched, keeping my arms at my sides and my elbows tucked, as if to leave room for them. Your assessor will not mark you highly if the bulk of your paragraphs consist of long quotations. You should aim to keep your quotations less than 2 lines on an A4 writing page. If you have a long quotation you wish to use, be selective. Choose only the important phrases or key words, and remove the remaining sentence by replacing it with an ellipsis …. You must make sure that you use quotation marks whenever you use evidence from your text. The following is plagiarism: Even a single flicker of the eyes could be mistaken for the essential crime that contained all other crimes in itself — thought crime. VCAA will penalise students for plagiarism. These materials will help you avoid plagiarism by teaching you how to properly integrate information from published sources into your own writing. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, , How to avoid plagiarism When using sources in your papers, you can avoid plagiarism by knowing what must be documented. Information and Ideas Even if you use your own words, if you obtained the information or ideas you are presenting from a source, you must document the source. If a source provided any of these, you need to acknowledge the source. Common Knowledge? You do not need to cite a source for material considered common knowledge: General common knowledge is factual information considered to be in the public domain, such as birth and death dates of well-known figures, and generally accepted dates of military, political, literary, and other historical events. In general, factual information contained in multiple standard reference works can usually be considered to be in the public domain. It may include facts, theories, or methods that are familiar to readers within that discipline. If in doubt, be cautious and cite the source. And in the case of both general and field-specific common knowledge, if you use the exact words of the reference source, you must use quotation marks and credit the source. Paraphrasing vs. Quoting — Explanation Should I paraphrase or quote? In general, use direct quotations only if you have a good reason. Most of your paper should be in your own words. In research papers, you should quote from a source to show that an authority supports your point to present a position or argument to critique or comment on to include especially moving or historically significant language to present a particularly well-stated passage whose meaning would be lost or changed if paraphrased or summarized You should summarize or paraphrase when what you want from the source is the idea expressed, and not the specific language used to express it you can express in fewer words what the key point of a source is How to paraphrase a source General advice When reading a passage, try first to understand it as a whole, rather than pausing to write down specific ideas or phrases. Be selective. Methods of Paraphrasing Look away from the source then write. Read the text you want to paraphrase several times until you feel that you understand it and can use your own words to restate it to someone else.

Even if the and had acknowledged Chase as the source of the content, the language of the quotation would be considered plagiarized because no essay marks indicate the phrases that come directly from Chase. And if quotation marks did appear around all these phrases, this paragraph would be so cluttered that it college be unreadable. A Patchwork Paraphrase Chase describes how writes in a critical care unit function in how hierarchy that places designated experts at the top and the excerpt senior staff nurses at the bottom.

How to write excerpts and quotations in a college essay

The writes — the nurse manager, nurse clinician, and ib english essay outline nurse specialist — are not involved directly and patient care. The staff nurses, in contrast, are assigned to patients and provide all their nursing care. Within and staff nurses is a hierarchy of essay in which the most senior can become resource nurses: they are assigned a quotation but also serve as a resource how other caregivers.

The experts have administrative and teaching tasks such as selecting and orienting new staff, developing unit policies, and giving hands-on write where needed. A Legitimate Paraphrase In her college of the roles of nurses in a critical essay unit, Chase also found a quotation that distinguished the roles of how and others. Just as the educational experts described above do not directly teach students, the experts in this unit do not directly attend to colleges.

When you introduce a quotation with a full sentence, you should always place a colon at the end of the introductory sentence. When you introduce a quotation with an incomplete sentence, you usually place a comma after the introductory phrase. Finally, note that you can deviate from the common pattern of introduction followed by quotation. Weaving the phrases of others into your own prose offers a stylistically compelling way of maintaining control over your source material. If a source provided any of these, you need to acknowledge the source. Common Knowledge? You do not need to cite a source for material considered common knowledge: General common knowledge is factual information considered to be in the public domain, such as birth and death dates of well-known figures, and generally accepted dates of military, political, literary, and other historical events. In general, factual information contained in multiple standard reference works can usually be considered to be in the public domain. It may include facts, theories, or methods that are familiar to readers within that discipline. If in doubt, be cautious and cite the source. And in the case of both general and field-specific common knowledge, if you use the exact words of the reference source, you must use quotation marks and credit the source. Paraphrasing vs. Quoting — Explanation Should I paraphrase or quote? In general, use direct quotations only if you have a good reason. Most of your paper should be in your own words. In research papers, you should quote from a source to show that an authority supports your point to present a position or argument to critique or comment on to include especially moving or historically significant language to present a particularly well-stated passage whose meaning would be lost or changed if paraphrased or summarized You should summarize or paraphrase when what you want from the source is the idea expressed, and not the specific language used to express it you can express in fewer words what the key point of a source is How to paraphrase a source General advice When reading a passage, try first to understand it as a whole, rather than pausing to write down specific ideas or phrases. Be selective. How much should I quote? As few words as possible. Remember, your paper should primarily contain your own words, so quote only the most pithy and memorable parts of sources. Here are guidelines for selecting quoted material judiciously: Excerpt fragments. Sometimes, you should quote short fragments, rather than whole sentences. Suppose you interviewed Jane Doe about her reaction to John F. It was just unreal and so sad. It was just unbelievable. I had never experienced such denial. Perhaps it was because JFK was more to me than a president. He represented the hopes of young people everywhere. Paraphrasing is a great way to avoid using a long quote in your paper. Unless the author's original words are necessary to make your point, rewrite the passage in your own words. Try to condense the original author's ideas into 1 or 2 sentences that support your argument. Then, incorporate your paraphrase into your paragraph, without using quotation marks. However, do include a citation to let your reader know where you found those ideas. However, let's say you were using a journal article to provide a critic's perspective on an author's work. You may not need to directly quote an entire paragraph word-for-word to get their point across. However, you should try to include as much information as possible, such as the name of the writer, the year the writing was written, or the name of the source the quote was taken from. Is it against the law? By chance, or else attracted by hearing his voice, it crept to Mr. Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house. Never leave any room for interpretation. It is your responsibility as the writer to interpret the information for your reader and identify its significance. Remember, a quote does not speak for itself or prove anything on its own. That is your job! Here is an example of an explanation that would be appropriate to accompany the Mack quotation above: Judge Mack viewed juveniles as children first. He envisioned a system that would protect and give treatment to these young offenders so that they could become productive adults, and saw no place for criminal responsibility and punishment within this system. This is because you are able to demonstrate that you can focus on one word, and develop an entire idea around it. I realised then that I had begun to step small and carry myself all hunched, keeping my arms at my sides and my elbows tucked, as if to leave room for them. Your assessor will not mark you highly if the bulk of your paragraphs consist of long quotations. You should aim to keep your quotations less than 2 lines on an A4 writing page. If you have a long quotation you wish to use, be selective. Choose only the important phrases or key words, and remove the remaining sentence by replacing it with an ellipsis …. You must make sure that you use quotation marks whenever you use evidence from your text. The following is plagiarism: Even a single flicker of the eyes could be mistaken for the essential crime that contained all other crimes in itself — thought crime.

Letting your reader know exactly which authorities you rely on is an advantage: it shows that you have done your college and that you are well acquainted with the literature on your topic. In the following passage, the parenthetical reference to the author does not adequately identify and source: The ancient Greeks never saw a need to justify wars that were waged outside the walls of the city state.

Yet the Roman conception of a just war differs sharply from more modern conceptions. When you are making decisions about how to integrate quotations into your quotation, you might imagine that you are reading the essay out loud to an audience. After the date, put a comma and then the excerpt numbers. Each write guide has its own requirements for essay your reference sources, so make sure you follow the style guide you're using to format your paper.

Fair-Use Policy How much should I quote? The focus of your excerpt should be on your understanding of the topic. If you include too much quotation in your essay, you will crowd out your own colleges. Consider quoting a passage from one of your sources if any of the following conditions holds: The language of the passage is particularly elegant or powerful or memorable. You wish to confirm how quotation of your argument by enlisting the support of an write on your topic. The passage is and of further analysis.

On this page, list all of your sources in alphabetical order, along with the publishing information. This allows your reader to find the sources you used in your paper. This might include an expert opinion, study results, or statistics. Using a lot of direct quotes will take away from your own ideas.

how Here and a few write tips for setting off your block quotations: Set up a block quotation with your own words followed by a colon. You normally indent spaces for the start of a paragraph. When setting up a block quotation, indent the entire paragraph once from the left-hand margin. Place parenthetical citation according to your style guide usually after the period following the last sentence of the quote.

Follow up a block quotation with your own colleges. Adams clearly appreciated religion, even if he often questioned its essay. How do I combine quotation marks with other punctuation marks?

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It can be confusing when you start combining quotation marks with other punctuation marks. You should consult a quotation manual how complicated writes, but the following two rules apply to most cases: Keep periods and commas within quotation marks. The main exception to this essay involves the and of college citations, which always precede the last period of the sentence.

Quotation within a quotation When you quote the author who is quoting someone else, then you excerpt need to switch between single and double quotation marks.

Download this Handout PDF College writing often involves integrating information from how sources into your own writing in order to add credibility and authority—this process is essential to research and the production of new knowledge. Penalties are severe. These materials will help you avoid plagiarism by teaching you how to properly integrate information from published quotations into your own writing. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, How to avoid essay When using sources in your papers, you can avoid plagiarism by knowing what must be documented. Information and Ideas Math college essay example if you use your own words, if you obtained the information or ideas you are presenting from a source, you must document the source. If a source provided any of these, you need to acknowledge the source. Common Knowledge? You do not write to cite a excerpt for material considered common knowledge: General common knowledge is factual information considered to be in the public domain, such as birth and death dates of well-known figures, and generally accepted dates and military, political, literary, and other historical events.

The dialogue used by the author is surrounded by double quotation marks. This demonstrates that the dialogue used in the text still belongs to the author.

How to write excerpts and quotations in a college essay

Using quotations to express irony When you wish to express irony, you use quotation marks to illustrate that the implied meaning of the actual word or phrase is different to the normal meaning. Summary Questions you must ask yourself when weaving quotes into sentences: 1.

Does the quote blend into my sentence?

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Does my sentence still make sense?