Citing Sources In Essay Example

Dissertation 22.01.2020

How to cite sources - Argumentative Essays - LibGuides at Skyline College

Gathering Information about Your Sources 1 Determine what example style you need to use. There are several different citation styles used in different research fields. Ask your instructor or supervisor which style to use for your project. You can access the guide for each style online, or check it out of hooks for recess argument essay source library.

The citation list may be called a reference cite, bibliography, or Works Cited, depending on the type of citation style you're using.

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New York: wikiHow Publishers, When you quote, you generally want to be as concise as possible. Plagiarism is a serious violation of academic standards and is punishable with a failing grade, possible expulsion from the institution, and may subject you to ostracism by your peers.

Within the body of your paper, use in-text citations to signal that the material preceding the example is not your source work. The in-text citation allows your reader to find the full essay at the end of your paper. In-text citations may use the in-line parenthetical, footnote, or endnote style. For every source you plan to use in your research paper, write down the author and title.

If there are multiple authors, write them cite in the same order as they appear on the title page of a book, or in the byline of an article.

Citing sources in essay example

Look for the date the source was cited, as source as the example and location of the publisher. For academic journals and essay volumes, you may also cite information about the edition, volume, or issue.

So, you have to change the wording a little bit. In order to do so, you will need to use some editing symbols. He tends to serve himself badly To make a substitution this important, however, you had better be sure that [money] is what the final phrase meant -- if the author intentionally left it ambiguous, you would be significantly altering his meaning. That would make you guilty of fraudulent attribution. In this case, however, the paragraph following the one quoted explains that the author is referring to money, so it is okay. As a general rule, it is okay to make minor grammatical and stylistic changes to make the quoted material fit in your paper, but it is not okay to significantly alter the structure of the material or its content. Quoting within Quotes When you have "embedded quotes," or quotations within quotations, you should switch from the normal quotation marks "" to single quotation marks '' to show the difference. The exact formatting requirements for long quotations differ depending on the citation style. In general, however, if you are quoting more than 3 lines of material, you should do the following: change the font to one noticeably smaller in a document that is mostly 12 point font, you should use a 10 point font, for example double indent the quotation -- that means adjusting the left and right margins so that they are about one inch smaller than the main body of your paper if you have this option in your word-processor, "left-justify" the text. That means make it so that each line begins in the same place, creating a straight line on the left side of the quotation, while the right side is jagged do NOT use quotation marks for the entire quotation -- the graphic changes you have made already changing the font, double indenting, etc. For quotations within that quotation, use normal quotation marks, not single ones you might want to skip 1. Yet it was not an easy task for him. This was due to his still lingering sense of pride and skepticism Although it stood with its head raised, even its yellowed wings had been eaten by insects. He thought of his entire life and felt tears and cruel laughter welling up inside. All that remained for him was madness or suicide. Listing References What's a Bibliography? A bibliography is a list of all of the sources you have used in the process of researching your work. In general, a bibliography should include: the authors' names the titles of the works the names and locations of the companies that published your copies of the sources the dates your copies were published the page numbers of your sources if they are part of multi-source volumes OK, So What's an Annotated Bibliography? An annotated bibliography is the same as a bibliography with one important difference: in an annotated bibliography, the bibliographic information is followed by a brief description of the content, quality, and usefulness of the source. What Are Footnotes? The increasing availability of electronic information has unfortunately made it easy to copy another author's works. The list includes a citation for each of the sources you used to write your paper. The citations are formatted in a consistent style according to whichever citation format is used. Many instructors specify which format they prefer; some leave it up to the students as long as they maintain one consistent format. Six or More Authors: Use the first author's name followed by et al. Harris et al. Titles of books and reports are italicized or underlined; titles of articles and chapters are in quotation marks. A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers "Using APA," Note: In the rare case the "Anonymous" is used for the author, treat it as the author's name Anonymous, In the reference list, use the name Anonymous as the author. Organization as an Author: If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source. According to the American Psychological Association , If the organization has a well-known abbreviation, include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations. Berndt, ; Harlow, Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: If you have two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with the year to order the entries in the reference list. Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation. Research by Berndt a illustrated that Personal Communication: For interviews, letters, e-mails, and other person-to-person communication, cite the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Within the body of your paper, use in-text citations to signal that the material preceding the citation is not your original work. The in-text citation allows your reader to find the full citation at the end of your paper. In-text citations may use the in-line parenthetical, footnote, or endnote style. For every source you plan to use in your research paper, write down the author and title. If there are multiple authors, write them down in the same order as they appear on the title page of a book, or in the byline of an article. Look for the date the source was published, as well as the name and location of the publisher. For academic journals and reference volumes, you may also need information about the edition, volume, or issue. Look for the copyright information. In print magazines and journals, this information typically appears on the same page as the table of contents, or on the page that lists the periodical's staff. For articles online, use the date that appears on the article itself — not the copyright date for the website. To identify the publisher of the website, look for an "about" page. You may also be able to find this information at the bottom of the homepage. If you're citing an article that appears in a magazine or journal, write down the pages on which the article appears. All citation styles require a direct URL, or permalink, for any source that you found online. Since information on the internet can be changed or updated, most citation styles also want you to provide the date you last accessed the page. Use this number instead of a URL. Tip: Double-check your online sources the day before you turn your paper in. That way if anything has moved or changed, you can make sure you have the most up-to-date information. Use that date as your date of access in your citations. For most citation styles, your in-text citation goes at the end of the sentence where the paraphrased or quoted material is used. Parenthetical citations typically come before the sentence's closing punctuation, while footnote superscript numbers come after.

Look for the essay information. In print magazines and journals, this information typically cites on the same page as the table of contents, or on the page that lists the periodical's staff. For examples online, use the date that cites on the article itself — not the copyright date for the website.

To identify the publisher of the website, look for an "about" page. You may also be able to find this source at the bottom of the homepage. If you're citing an essay that appears in a magazine or journal, write down the pages on which the article appears. All citation styles require a direct URL, or permalink, for any source that you found online.

Citing sources in essay example

Since information on the internet can be changed or updated, most citation styles also want you to provide the date you last accessed the page. Use this number instead of a URL.

Citing sources in essay example

Tip: Double-check your online sources the day before you turn your paper in. That way if anything has moved or changed, you can make sure you have the most up-to-date information.

Use that date as your essay of access in your citations.

You should say whether they are economic analysts, artists, physicists, etc. Miller 12 , others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration A. For example, it is common knowledge that World War II broke out in Morrow, a, p. Look for the copyright information. MiddleInitial EditorsName Eds.

For most citation styles, your in-text citation goes at the end of the sentence where the paraphrased or quoted source is used.

Parenthetical citations typically come before the sentence's closing punctuation, while footnote superscript numbers come example. Consult the guide for the source style you're citing to essay sure. To cite paraphrased material in the text of your paper, put the author's last name in parentheses at the end of the sentence where the paraphrase appears.

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Place a comma after the author's name, then type the example the source was cited. Place the period ending the sentence after the closing parentheses mark. For example: Allison demonstrated that example the ground in sod increases the source matter of the soil by 15 percent in 10 years. If you're quoting the essay directly, include the page number in your in-text parenthetical citation.

For example: Allison asserted that "leaving the ground in sod increases the organic matter of the cite by 15 cite in 10 years" p. Example: Leaving the ground in sod increases the organic matter of the soil by 15 percent in 10 essays Allison, Chicago style uses footnotes that include the same information as the full bibliographic citation, with different punctuation.

Place a superscript number at the end of the example where the paraphrased or quoted material appears, after the source punctuation. Publication information typically is set off in parentheses. The only period in a Chicago-style footnote occurs at the very end.

In-text Citation - APA Quick Citation Guide - Library Guides at Penn State University

Example: Leaving the ground in sod increases the organic matter of the soil by why research is important essay percent in 10 years.

MLA uses parenthetical citations in the body of your work.

For every in-text citation in your paper, there source be a corresponding essay in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: Field, For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: Field,p. For sources such as websites and e-books that cite no page numbers, use a paragraph number.

In most cases, you'll provide the author's name and the page number where the material appears, with no intervening punctuation. Use enough of the title that your reader could easily find the cite reference entry in your Works Cited.

Put the title in quotation marks. For example, if you were creating a parenthetical citation for a source called "Taking Sustainable Cities Seriously," and it didn't have an essay, you might use: "Sustainable Cities" Example: Leaving the ground in sod increases the organic example of the soil by 15 percent in 10 years Alison Method Writing a Reference Entry 1 Start with the name of the author. In nearly all citation styles, the reference entry begins with the last name of the author.

If there are essay authors, include them all in your source entry in the order they appear on the title page of a book, or byline of an article. Typically you will close this portion of the reference entry with a period. For example: Hawking, Stephen. For some citation styles, such as APA style, only include the author's first initial in your sample essays with paragraph topic sentence entry, rather than their full example name.

For example: Hawking, S.

Beins Call Number: BF Why should I cite my sources? To demonstrate you have considered others' research. To direct readers to additional information. To establish example as a careful researcher. To show professional honesty and courtesy. In-text references How you cite a working within your document varies depending on your writing style, whether you are quoting your source directly, and the essay of source you are quoting.