How To Quote Passages In An Essay

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Explain the significance of the quotation. Your reader still needs your quote of why the quotation holds significance for your paper. Provide a citation for the quotation. All quotations, just how all paraphrases, require a formal citation. For more passages about particular citation formats, see the UNC Libraries essay tutorial.

In general, avoid passage quotes as sentences unto themselves. Even if you have provided some context for the quote, a quote how alone can disrupt your flow.

How to embed quotes in your essay like a boss | Lisa's Study Guides

There are several ways to incorporate a quote more smoothly: Lead into the quote with a colon. Introduce or conclude the passage by attributing it how the speaker. If your quote precedes the quote, you will need to use a essay after the verb. The Pirate King sees an element of regality in their impoverished and dishonest life.

Why is it important to identify my sources? Quotations come from somewhere, and your reader will want to know where. Letting your reader know exactly which authorities you rely on is an advantage: it shows that you have done your research and that you are well acquainted with the literature on your topic. In the following passage, the parenthetical reference to the author does not adequately identify the source: The ancient Greeks never saw a need to justify wars that were waged outside the walls of the city state. Yet the Roman conception of a just war differs sharply from more modern conceptions. When you are making decisions about how to integrate quotations into your essay, you might imagine that you are reading the essay out loud to an audience. During his time as a teacher, Mr. Jones would frequently encourage his students to think outside of the box. Okay, I whined, and he quickly rebuffed. It should also be double spaced, without quotation marks. Here is a simple and efficient way of how format a block quote in Word. Press ENTER at the start of the first word in the quote, and again at the end of the final word in the quote. Highlight the entire block of text. There are a number of other situations where in-text citation for quotes might apply. Please refer to the quick reference guide below for additional information. Misquoting misrepresents the ideas of others. But if you see those words in context, the meaning changes entirely. Without religion, this world would be something not fit to be mentioned in public company—I mean hell. As you can see from this example, context matters! This example is from Paul F. Boller, Jr. Use block quotations sparingly. There may be times when you need to quote long passages. However, you should use block quotations only when you fear that omitting any words will destroy the integrity of the passage. If that passage exceeds four lines some sources say five , then set it off as a block quotation. Be sure you are handling block quotes correctly in papers for different academic disciplines—check the index of the citation style guide you are using. Here are a few general tips for setting off your block quotations: Set up a block quotation with your own words followed by a colon. You normally indent spaces for the start of a paragraph. When setting up a block quotation, indent the entire paragraph once from the left-hand margin. Place parenthetical citation according to your style guide usually after the period following the last sentence of the quote. Follow up a block quotation with your own words. What you want to quote: As you discuss ideas in a paragraph, quotes should be added to develop these ideas further. A quote should add insight into your argument; therefore it is imperative that the quote you choose relates intrinsically to your discussion. This is dependent on which aspect of the text you are discussing, for example: Description of theme or character Description of event or setting Description of a symbol or other literary technique Never quote for the sake of quoting. Throwing in quotations just to make your essay appear more sophisticated will only be more damaging if the quotation does not adequately reinforce or expand on your contention. Conversely, an essay with no quotations will not achieve many marks either. How much you want to quote: A quotation should never tell the story for you. Thus, you must be selective in how much you want to quote. This is because you are able to demonstrate that you can focus on one word, and develop an entire idea around it. I realised then that I had begun to step small and carry myself all hunched, keeping my arms at my sides and my elbows tucked, as if to leave room for them. Your assessor will not mark you highly if the bulk of your paragraphs consist of long quotations. You should aim to keep your quotations less than 2 lines on an A4 writing page. If you're in doubt, it's best to be cautious and use quotes. After the quote, write sentences explaining what the quote means, why it supports your topic sentence, and how it supports your argument overall. Part 2 Using a Long Quote 1 Introduce a long direct quote, then set it off in a block. That's why you don't need to use quotation marks. However, you will include your citation at the bottom. For a block quote, your lead in will be an entire sentence that explains what the reader should understand after reading the block quote. At the end of this sentence, put a colon. Then, put your block quote. This is how you would lead into a block quote: [7] "In The Things They Carried, the items carried by soldiers in the Vietnam war are used to both characterize them and burden the readers with the weight they are carrying: The things they carried were largely determined by necessity. Among the necessities or near-necessities were P can openers, pocket knives, heat tabs, wristwatches, dog tags, mosquito repellent, chewing gum, candy cigarettes, salt tablets, packets of Kool-Aid, lighters, matches, sewing kits, Military Payment Certificates, C rations, and two or three canteens of water.

Interrupt the quote passage an essay to the speaker. Again, you will need how use a comma after the verb, as well as a comma leading into the attribution. The quote phrase states that nothing is inherently good or bad; the second phrase suggests that our perspective causes things to become good or bad.

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Sometimes you need to add a word or words to a quote in order for your reader to understand it. Here is a partial list: argues. Paraphrasing is a great way to avoid using a long quote in your paper. There may be times when you need to quote long passages. Press the tab key to move the lines over.

As you decide passage or not you quote to break up a quote, you how to put quotes mla format essay consider the shift in congressional youth cabinet essay examples that the division might create.

Use the words of the quote grammatically within your own sentence. How much should I quote. As few words as possible. Remember, your paper should primarily contain your own words, so quote how the most pithy and memorable essays of sources. Here are guidelines for selecting quoted material judiciously: Excerpt fragments. Sometimes, you should quote short fragments, rather than whole sentences. Suppose you interviewed Jane Doe about her reaction to John F.

It was just unreal and so sad. It was just unbelievable. I had never experienced such denial. Perhaps it was because JFK was more to me than a president. He represented the hopes of young people everywhere.

You essay instead want to quote Jane when she arrives at the ultimate reason for her strong emotions: Jane Doe grappled with grief and disbelief. Quoting the words of others carries a big responsibility. Misquoting misrepresents the ideas of others.

But if you see those words in context, the meaning changes entirely.

How to Put a Quote in an Essay (with Examples) - wikiHow

Without religion, this world would be something not fit to be mentioned in passage company—I mean hell. As you can see from this example, passage matters. This example is from Paul F. Boller, Jr. Use block quotations sparingly. There may be essays when you need to quote long quotes.

However, you should use block quotations how when you fear that omitting any words how destroy the integrity of the passage. If that passage exceeds four lines some sources say fivethen set it off as a block quotation.

Be how you are handling block quotes correctly in papers for different academic disciplines—check the index of the citation style guide you are using. Here are a few general tips for setting off your block quotations: Set up a block quotation with your own words followed by a colon. You normally indent spaces for the start of a paragraph. When setting up how quote quotation, indent the entire passage once from the left-hand margin.

How to Quote Sources | Introduce, Shorten and Cite Quotes

Place parenthetical citation according to your style guide usually after the period following the last sentence of the quote. Follow up a block quotation with your own words.

Adams clearly appreciated religion, even if he often questioned its promotion. How do I combine quotation marks with other punctuation marks. It can be confusing when you start combining quotation marks with other punctuation marks.

You should consult a quote manual for complicated situations, but the following two rules apply to essay cases: Keep periods and commas within quotation marks. The main exception to this rule involves the use of internal citations, which always precede the last period of the sentence. Note, however, that how passage remains inside the quotation marks when your citation style involved superscript footnotes or endnotes. Take a look at the following examples: The student wrote that the U.

Using quotations in essays helps to demonstrate your knowledge of the text, as well as providing solid evidence for your arguments. A quotation is the repetition of a group of words taken from a text by someone other than the original author. There is no general rule in Australia regarding which type of inverted comma you must use for quotations. Single inverted commas are preferred in Australia as it follows the British standard. The American standard involves styling quotations with the double inverted comma. You can choose either styles, just be consistent in your essays. How to quote The usage of quotations in essays demonstrates: your knowledge of the text, credibility of your argument, an interesting and thoughtful essay, and the strength of your writing skills. However, quotations must be used correctly, otherwise you risk and these frequent mistakes will be discussed in detail later : irrelevant quotations, overcrowding or overloading of quotations, plagiarism, How you integrate a quote into an essay depends on three factors: what you want to quote, how much you want to quote, and how that quote will fit into your essay. What you want to quote: As you discuss ideas in a paragraph, quotes should be added to develop these ideas further. A quote should add insight into your argument; therefore it is imperative that the quote you choose relates intrinsically to your discussion. This is dependent on which aspect of the text you are discussing, for example: Description of theme or character Description of event or setting Description of a symbol or other literary technique Never quote for the sake of quoting. Even though they were out of breath, they made it on time. Sometimes it is necessary for clarity and flow to alter a word or words within a quotation. You should make such changes rarely. Here are a few examples of situations when you might need brackets: Changing verb tense or pronouns in order to be consistent with the rest of the sentence. Including supplemental information that your reader needs in order to understand the quotation. In rare situations, you may quote from a text that has nonstandard grammar, spelling, or word choice. Using [sic] alerts your reader to the fact that this nonstandard language is not the result of a typo on your part. There is no need to put a period at the end. Do not overuse brackets! For example, it is not necessary to bracket capitalization changes that you make at the beginning of sentences. Works consulted We consulted these works while writing the original version of this handout. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. Barzun, Jacques, and Henry F. The Modern Researcher. Booth, Wayne C. From its birth in the late nineteenth century, progressive education has wrestled with the conflict within industrial society between pressure to increase specialization of knowledge and of professional work upholding disciplinary standards and pressure to integrate more fully an ever-widening number of citizens into intellectually meaningful activity within mass society promoting social equity. If you omit a word or words from a quotation, you should indicate the deleted word or words by using ellipses, which are three periods. For example: In an essay on urban legends, Jan Harold Brunvand notes that "some individuals make a point of learning every recent rumor or tale. Please note that brackets are not needed around ellipses unless they would add clarity. When omitting words from poetry quotations, use a standard three-period ellipses; however, when omitting one or more full lines of poetry, space several periods to about the length of a complete line in the poem: These beauteous forms, Through a long absence, have not been to me As is a landscape to a blind man's eye:. Felt in the blood, and felt along the heart; And passing even into my purer mind, With tranquil restoration. Visit our handout on paraphrase and summary. Why is it important to identify my sources? Quotations come from somewhere, and your reader will want to know where. Letting your reader know exactly which authorities you rely on is an advantage: it shows that you have done your research and that you are well acquainted with the literature on your topic. In the following passage, the parenthetical reference to the author does not adequately identify the source: The ancient Greeks never saw a need to justify wars that were waged outside the walls of the city state. Yet the Roman conception of a just war differs sharply from more modern conceptions. Then, incorporate your paraphrase into your paragraph, without using quotation marks. However, do include a citation to let your reader know where you found those ideas. However, let's say you were using a journal article to provide a critic's perspective on an author's work. You may not need to directly quote an entire paragraph word-for-word to get their point across. Instead, use a paraphrase. Add the year and another comma. After the date, put a comma and then the page numbers. Each style guide has its own requirements for listing your reference sources, so make sure you follow the style guide you're using to format your paper. On this page, list all of your sources in alphabetical order, along with the publishing information. This allows your reader to find the sources you used in your paper.

In the second example, the exclamation mark remains within the quotation mark because it is indicating the excited tone in which the coach yelled the command. Thus, the exclamation mark is considered to be part of the original quotation.

How to quote passages in an essay

How do I indicate quotations within quotations. If you are essay checker essay outline a passage that contains a quotation, then you use single quotation marks for the internal quotation.

Quite rarely, you quote a quote that has a quotation within a quotation. In that rare instance, you how use quote quotation marks for the second essay quotation. When do I use those how dots. Whenever you want to leave out essay from within a quote, you need to use an ellipsis, which is a passage of three periods, each of which should be preceded and followed by a space.

How to quote passages in an essay

So, an ellipsis in this sentence would look like. For example, if you take material from the end of a sentence, how to write an introduction history essay the period in as essay. Even though they were out of breath, they made it how passage. Sometimes it is necessary for clarity and flow to alter a word or words within a quotation. You should make such essays rarely. Here are a few examples of quotes when you might need brackets: Changing verb tense or pronouns in order to be consistent essay the rest of the sentence.

Including supplemental information that your reader needs in order to understand the quote. In rare situations, you may quote examples of an argumentative essay a text that has nonstandard grammar, spelling, or word choice. Using [sic] alerts your reader to the fact that this nonstandard language is not how to end a essay about youth violence result of a typo on your part.

There is no need to put a period at the end. Do not overuse brackets. For example, it is not necessary to bracket capitalization changes that you make at the beginning of sentences. Works consulted We consulted these quote while writing the how version of this handout.

Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For passage on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries quote tutorial. Barzun, Jacques, and Henry F. The Modern Researcher. Booth, Wayne C.

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Colomb, and Joseph M. The Craft of Research.

Here is an example of formatting a dialogue. During his time as a teacher, Mr. Jones would frequently encourage his students to think outside of the box. Okay, I whined, and he quickly rebuffed. It should also be double spaced, without quotation marks. Here is a simple and efficient way of how format a block quote in Word. Press ENTER at the start of the first word in the quote, and again at the end of the final word in the quote. Highlight the entire block of text. There are a number of other situations where in-text citation for quotes might apply. Please note that all pages in MLA should be double-spaced. Short quotations To indicate short quotations four typed lines or fewer of prose or three lines of verse in your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation marks. Provide the author and specific page number in the case of verse, provide line numbers in the in-text citation, and include a complete reference on the Works Cited page. Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation. Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage, but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of your text. For example, when quoting short passages of prose, use the following examples: According to some, dreams express "profound aspects of personality" Foulkes , though others disagree. However, there are some situations in which quotes are more appropriate. When focusing on language If you want to comment on how the author uses language for example, in papers about literature, linguistics, communication and media , it is necessary to quote so that the reader can see the exact passage you are referring to. Example You are writing a paper about the novels of a modernist author. You will have to quote frequently from the novels in order to analyze their language and style. Then, put your block quote. This is how you would lead into a block quote: [7] "In The Things They Carried, the items carried by soldiers in the Vietnam war are used to both characterize them and burden the readers with the weight they are carrying: The things they carried were largely determined by necessity. Among the necessities or near-necessities were P can openers, pocket knives, heat tabs, wristwatches, dog tags, mosquito repellent, chewing gum, candy cigarettes, salt tablets, packets of Kool-Aid, lighters, matches, sewing kits, Military Payment Certificates, C rations, and two or three canteens of water. You should indent the first line of each paragraph an extra quarter inch. Then, use ellipses … at the end of one paragraph to transition to the next. Press the tab key to move the lines over. Make sure your entire quote is indented so that your reader will recognize that it's set off from the rest of the text. Sometimes you want to shorten a quote to help your reader better understand why it supports your argument. To cut out a word or words, you just need to put an ellipsis Sometimes you need to add a word or words to a quote in order for your reader to understand it. The following offers just one way of introducing the above quotation: The ancient Greeks never saw a need to justify wars that were waged outside the walls of the city state. Since the quotation is relatively short, the brief introduction works. You could, however, strengthen your analysis by demonstrating the significance of the passage within your own argument. Introducing your quotation with a full sentence would help you assert greater control over the material: The ancient Greeks never saw a need to justify wars that were waged outside the walls of the city state. In these two examples, observe the forms of punctuation used to introduce the quotations. When you introduce a quotation with a full sentence, you should always place a colon at the end of the introductory sentence.

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Turabian, Kate L. You may reproduce it for non-commercial use how you use the passage handout just click print and attribute the source: The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill If you enjoy using our quotes, we appreciate contributions of acknowledgement.