Bhimrao Ramjji Ambedkar was a personality with extra ordinary talent. He was a distinguished jurist , a well-known politician, and a man with superior thoughts. He has shown some remarkable efforts in building up a better nation. He was also honored with Bharat Ratna in the year Due to high prestigious works and efforts made for the improvement of society and constitution, 14 April is remarked as Ambedkar Jayanti.
Bhimrao Ambedkar throughout childhood, he faced many disgraces of society. There a lot of discrimination made on the basis of Brahmins, upper and lower castes.
Despite a lot of hardship and discrimination from the society, he achieved his matriculation in the year He was awarded a doctorate by the well-known University of Columbia. He started his political career by fighting for equal rights of Dalits. His thoughts were powerful and effective. He led the temple entry movement in the year at Kalaram Temple, Nashik, Maharashtra for real human rights and political justice.
He said that political power is not the only way to solve all the problems of depressed class people, they should get equal rights in the society in every field. He paid his major contribution by protecting the Fundamental Rights for the social freedom, equality and eradication of untouchability for low group people and Directive Principles enhancing the living status by securing the fair distribution of wealth of State Policy in the Indian Constitution.
He continued his social revolution till the end of his life through the Buddhism. He has been honored with the Bharat Ratna in the month of April in for his big contributions towards the Indian society.
How Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated with great passion all over the India including Varanasi, Delhi and other big cities. In Varanasi the event for the birthday anniversary celebration of Dr. Ambedkar is organized by the Dr. Ambedkar Jayanti Samaroh Samiti in Kutchehri areas.
They organize variety of events like painting, general knowledge quiz competition, debate, dance, essay writing, symposium, sports competition and drama to which many people participate including students from nearby schools. In order to celebrate this occasion, a big seminar is organized yearly by the Bhartiya Journalists Welfare Association, Lucknow. Three days long festival from 15th of April to 17th of April is held at the Baba Mahashamshan Nath temple at Manikarnika ghat Varanasi where various cultural programs of dance and music are organized.
Students from junior high school and primary schools make a prabhat pheri in morning and secondary school students take part in the rally at this day. At many places, free health check up camps are also organized in order to provide free of charge check up and medicines to the poor group people. Contributions of B. He protested to uplift the untouchables in the society to enhance their social status during law practice in the Bombay High Court.
He had organized an event called Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha to encourage the education among untouchables for their socio-economic improvement and welfare of the outcastes people of depressed classes. He has demanded for the separate electorate through the Poona Pact to reserve seats for untouchable people of depressed class.
He encouraged people for the growth and development of the industrialization and agricultural industry to enhance the economy of country. He had given ideas to the government for accomplishing the food security goal.
He encouraged people for good education, hygiene and community health as their basic requirement. He had established the Finance Commission of India.
When they reached to gate, the gates were closed by Brahmin authorities. Gandhi fiercely opposed a separate electorate for untouchables, saying he feared that such an arrangement would divide the Hindu community.
Following the fast, Congress politicians and activists such as Madan Mohan Malaviya and Palwankar Baloo organised joint meetings with Ambedkar and his supporters at Yerwada. The agreement gave reserved seats for the depressed classes in the Provisional legislatures, within the general electorate.
Due to the pact, the depressed class received seats in the legislature, instead of the 71 as allocated in the Communal Award earlier proposed by British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald. In December , the Governor of Bombay nominated him as a member of the Bombay Legislative Council ; he took his duties seriously, and often delivered speeches on economic matters. He was a member of the Bombay Legislative Council until He also served as the chairman of Governing body of Ramjas College , University of Delhi, after the death of its founder, Rai Kedarnath.
It had been her long-standing wish to go on a pilgrimage to Pandharpur , but Ambedkar had refused to let her go, telling her that he would create a new Pandharpur for her instead of Hinduism's Pandharpur which treated them as untouchables.
At the Yeola Conversion Conference on 13 October in Nasik, Ambedkar announced his intention to convert to a different religion and exhorted his followers to leave Hinduism. Ambedkar published his book Annihilation of Caste on 15 May He was a member of the Assembly until and during this time he also served as the Leader of the Opposition in the Bombay Legislative Assembly.
Ambedkar argued that the Hindus should concede Pakistan to the Muslims. He proposed that the provincial boundaries of Punjab and Bengal should be redrawn to separate the Muslim and non-Muslim majority parts. He thought the Muslims could have no objection to redrawing provincial boundaries. If they did, they did not quite "understand the nature of their own demand". It determined the course of dialogue between the Muslim League and the Indian National Congress, paving the way for the Partition of India.
He saw Shudras and Ati Shudras who form the lowest caste in the ritual hierarchy of the caste system , as separate from Untouchables. Ambedkar oversaw the transformation of his political party into the Scheduled Castes Federation , although it performed poorly in the elections for Constituent Assembly of India. Later he was elected into the constituent assembly of Bengal where Muslim League was in power.
By the time of the second general election in , Ambedkar had died. His first term as a Rajya Sabha member was between 3 April and 2 April , and his second term was to be held from 3 April to 2 April , but before the expiry of the term, he died on 6 December After that, his followers and activists planned to form this party. A meeting of the Presidency was held at Nagpur on 1 October to establish the party.
At this meeting, N. Sivaraj , Yashwant Ambedkar, P. Borale, A. Pawar, Datta Katti, D. Rupavate were present. The Republican Party of India was formed on 3 October Shivraj was elected as the President of the party.
Ambedkar anticipated this modern view. Ambedkar is recognised as the "Father of the Constitution of India". Krishnamachari said, " Ambedkar and I have no doubt that we are grateful to him for having achieved this task in a manner which is undoubtedly commendable. Ambedkar argued for extensive economic and social rights for women, and won the Assembly's support for introducing a system of reservations of jobs in the civil services, schools and colleges for members of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and Other Backward Class , a system akin to affirmative action.
Gopalaswami Ayyangar. On the day the article came up for discussion, Ambedkar did not participate in its debate even though he participated on other articles.He was a member of the Bombay Legislative Council until He served in India throughout his life as a jurist, philosopher, social activist, politician, historian, anthropologist and economist as well as revivalist for the Buddhism in India to bring Modern Buddhist movement. Of his brothers and sisters, only Ambedkar passed his examinations and went to high school. Ambedkar Janmotsav Samiti celebrated the birth anniversary of Dr. His promotion of Buddhism has rejuvenated interest in Buddhist philosophy among sections of population in India.
In December , the Governor of Bombay nominated him as a member of the Bombay Legislative Council ; he took his duties seriously, and often delivered speeches on economic matters. United Nation added the celebration of B.
It had been her long-standing wish to go on a pilgrimage to Pandharpur , but Ambedkar had refused to let her go, telling her that he would create a new Pandharpur for her instead of Hinduism's Pandharpur which treated them as untouchables. He has demanded for the separate electorate through the Poona Pact to reserve seats for untouchable people of depressed class.
He returned at the first opportunity, presented his thesis titled "Provincial Decentralization of Imperial Finance in British India", and completed a master's degree M. The initiative of creating better India and cut the difference between caste, religion, and gender, of Dr. It was a big moment for the people of India when he was born in the year Like ever before a respectful homage is paid by the President and Prime Minister including other political parties leaders of India every year to his statue at the Parliament, New Delhi. His original surname was Sakpal but his father registered his name as Ambadawekar in school, meaning he comes from his native village of Ambadawe in Ratnagiri district.
Ambedkar argued for extensive economic and social rights for women, and won the Assembly's support for introducing a system of reservations of jobs in the civil services, schools and colleges for members of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and Other Backward Class , a system akin to affirmative action. He also began a struggle for the right to enter Hindu temples.