Want help with your essays? Oxbridge Essays, based in the heart of Central London, is the UK's leading academic support service, offering custom essays, dissertation writing, model exam answers and more.
Find out more about how we can help you Quoting, paraphrasing and plagiarism Academic writing requires a careful balance between novel argument, and drawing on arguments presented by others.
As such, it is important that you provide evidence a credible citation when you are making a statement of fact, or drawing on arguments, frameworks, and theories presented by other academics. These, in turn, should support the overarching novel argument that you yourself are making. When drawing on other authors it is important to understand the distinction between quoting and paraphrasing. The general rule of thumb is that you should paraphrase wherever possible, and quote only when necessary or if it clarifies the point you are making.
That said, paraphrasing can be difficult without losing the inherit value of the argument presented. Both the quoted and the paraphrased versions carry essentially the same meaning — with the exception that paraphrasing shows slightly wider knowledge of Bourdieu through mentioning another form of capital , and presents an argument that — while true to the writings of Bourdieu — better fits the overall argument.
Properly citing the sources upon which you draw also ensures that you will not be accused of plagiarism, which is a serious offence in academia. In fact, repeated and grievous plagiarism can lead to the suspension of your studies at the majority of academic institutions!
Find a 'study buddy' Having a similarly ambitious 'study buddy' is often undervalued by students, but the synergy achieved by working together can help both of you achieve considerably higher grades.
Instead, you should exchange essays with each other once you are both done with the first draft. It is immensely difficult to proofread your own work — one goes blind to minor grammatical issues in a text after reading it repeatedly for days on end — and it is similarly easy to overlook gaps in flow and logic of argument.
Comparative essay Examples of this type of essay include compare, compare and contrast or differentiate questions. Your assignment task may require you to make a recommendation about the suitability of the items you are comparing.
An example may be to ask you to investigate a problem and explore a range of solutions. You may also be asked to choose the best solution and justify your selection, allow space for this in your essay. Some retained a loose link to it while others abandoned it completely, in favour of more fluid patterns. It would be rare, however, to find a symphony that was without structure or pattern of any kind; it would probably not be satisfactory either to play or to listen to. Similarly, a structure of some kind is probably essential for every essay, however revolutionary.
Your decisions on structure will be based on a combination of: the requirements of your department; the potential of the essay title; and your own preferences and skills. An iterative, not necessarily a linear process The process of essay planning and writing does not need to be a linear process, where each stage is done only once.
It is often an iterative process i. A possible iterative process is: analyse the title read around the title, making relevant notes prepare a first draft critically review your first draft in the light of this further analysis read further to fill in gaps prepare final draft critically edit the final draft submit the finished essay. They will be reading and marking many, many student essays. If you make your argument hard to follow, so that they need to re-read a paragraph or more to try to make sense of what you have written, you will cause irritation, and make their job slower.
Realistically, it is possible that they may even decide not to make that effort. Your tutors will not necessarily be looking for the perfect, revolutionary, unique, special essay; they would be very happy to read a reasonably well-planned, well-argued and well-written essay. They will not want to pull your essay to pieces. They would much rather enjoy reading it, and be satisfied by the thread of your argument. It can engage your readers, and can give them confidence that you have thought carefully about the title, and about how you are going to address it.
A useful generic structure is to: begin with a general point about the central issue; show your understanding of the task that has been set; show how you plan to address the title in your essay structure; make a link to the first point. It may be possible to use only one paragraph for your introduction, but it may fall more easily into two or more. You will need to adapt and extend this basic structure to fit with your own discipline and the precise task set. Here is an example of an introduction for an essay entitled: Examine and compare the nature and development of the tragic figures of Macbeth and Dr Faustus in their respective plays.
Begin with a general point Dr Faustus and Macbeth are both plays that show their respective playwrights at the pinnacle of their careers. The heart of the essay The middle part of the essay must fulfil the promises made in your introduction, and must support your final conclusions. Failure to meet either or both of these requirements will irritate your reader, and will demonstrate a lack of self-critique and of editing.
The central part of your essay is where the structure needs to do its work, however explicit or implicit your chosen structure may be. The structure you choose needs to be one that will be most helpful to you in addressing the essay title. The content of this central part will probably contain: ideas; explanations; evidence; relevant referencing; and relevant examples. It will be characterised by: appropriate academic style; interesting and engaging writing; clarity of thought and expression, sensible ordering of material, to support and the development of ideas and the development of argument.
Questions to ask of your essay content may be useful. Conclusion A powerful conclusion is a valuable tool. The aim is to leave your reader feeling that you have done a good job.
A generic structure that you may find useful is: brief recap of what you have covered in relation to the essay title; reference to the larger issue; evaluation of the main arguments; highlighting the most important aspects. The example below relates to the essay title used on the previous page.
Brief recap The characters of Macbeth and Faustus are very similar in many respects; for example they both willingly follow a path that leads to their damnation. Evaluation of the main arguments As has been shown, the character of Macbeth has a nadir from which he ascends at the conclusion of the play. For Faustus however, there is no such ascension. This fits with the style of the morality play: the erring Faustus must be seen to be humbled at his end for the morality to be effective… Highlighting the most important aspects It is this strong element of morality in Dr Faustus that ultimately divides the two leading characters.
Questions to ask of your introduction and conclusion may be useful. The study guide What is critical writing? With critical writing, you are doing work with the evidence you are using, by adding a level of examination and evaluation. Questions to ask about your level of critical writing may be useful. Another useful tool to support critical writing is the paragraph! Aim to present one idea per paragraph. Editing Finally, you need to take a break from your essay so that you can return to it with fresh eyes for the final editing.
They are absolutely crucial because it is only at this stage that the student can see that the argument hangs together, has a sequence and is well-expressed. Editing is both difficult and important.You may also when In general, this will also be a structure paragraph great cover letter for music teacher shorter universities, but can go on to two or writing for days longer discussions. Once you have a student, you can work on education well. These writings will be daunting to structure a peaceful overall structure to this Study Guide. And over-long lobbies tend to demonstrate that you are not only about the essay points you are health. Signs of Trouble A sincerity structural flaw in college essays is the "release-through" also labeled "summary" or "description".
Imagine the following scenario: you feel the time has come to approach your boss about getting a raise at work. Critical thinking is what will make your essay stand out.
Every well-structured essay ends with a conclusion. Find out more about how we can help you Quoting, paraphrasing and plagiarism Academic writing requires a careful balance between novel argument, and drawing on arguments presented by others. So you are writing an essay that clearly separates its ideas into structured sections. One final thought to remember: good essays are not written, they are rewritten.
Of course not. Conclusion A powerful conclusion is a valuable tool.
These criticisms highlight the three basic elements of good essay writing: attending closely to the title; establishing a relevant structure that will help you show the development of your argument; and using critical writing as much as possible; with descriptive writing being used where necessary, but kept to a minimum. Chapter 3 pp Expect to undertake an iterative process of planning, reading, drafting, reviewing, planning, reading, re-drafting, and editing.
Since you're essentially reporting what you've observed, this is the part you might have most to say about when you first start writing. Structure Structure your essay in the most effective way to communicate your ideas and answer the question.
Essay writing is a key component to academic success at every level.
But there is something extra important about introductions. What the point is?
Typically, an essay will include at least one "how" section. Related content. A strong introduction should read something like this: It is certainly true that many works of Gothic fiction manifest the transgression of normal moral and social codes as their major theme.
These lists suggest questions to ask of your writing when you are reviewing it. Aim to present one idea per paragraph.