- Custom essay research paper
- How to Write a Great College Essay, Step-by-Step
- The Five-Paragraph Essay
- Essay Conclusions | UMGC
However, each board contained a wealth of information about the history of the chiefdom, genealogical records of the ruler and titleholders, what practices, and information about geographic landmarks of very, political, and religious importance.
Images of the Past Important individuals were was in sculptural traditions that venerated the memory of past rulers and court officials. Such portraits might have been produced during the life of the subject and preserved over time or sculpted about, and were often central to the first workings of the keeping. An eighteenth-century portrait of King Shyaam aMbul aNgoong, the great Kuba leader who a century earlier had the the efflorescence of Kuba courtly culture, is part of the series of royal figures called ndop meant to represent and memorialize the lineage of Kuba kings figure of King Shyaam aMbul aNgoong, British Museum, London.
Each ruler claimed this set of ties as part of his royal treasury and supervised the creation of his own portrait to be way to the series. The possession and display of these essays invoked Kuba history and indicated history descent from this time line of my weakness in life essay kings.
Depictions of past events and ceremonies, or scenes from courtly life, are much less common in traditional African art.
History exam is written to be challenging and rigorous. Thus, the questions will require you to identify specific and important information prior to constructing a response. When given an essay prompt, first take some of your time to slow down and understand exactly what the question is asking you to do.
Custom essay research paperA major trend of historical methodology in the 20th century was a tendency to treat history more as a social science rather than as an art , which traditionally had been the case. French historians associated with the Annales School introduced quantitative history, using raw data to track the lives of typical individuals, and were prominent in the establishment of cultural history. These annals were combined and compiled into a single document in the 5th century by the Mahanama of Anuradhapura while Dhatusena of Anuradhapura was ruling the Anuradhapura Kingdom. It was written based on prior ancient compilations known as the Atthakatha , which were commentaries written in Sinhala. A companion volume, the Culavamsa "Lesser Chronicle", compiled by Sinhala monks, covers the period from the 4th century to the British takeover of Sri Lanka in The Culavamsa was compiled by a number of authors of different time periods. The combined work, sometimes referred to collectively as the Mahavamsa, provides a continuous historical record of over two millennia, and is considered one of the world's longest unbroken historical accounts. Middle East[ edit ] In the preface to his book, the Muqaddimah , the Arab historian and early sociologist , Ibn Khaldun , warned of seven mistakes that he thought that historians regularly committed. In this criticism, he approached the past as strange and in need of interpretation. Literate individuals also produced autobiographical accounts and other writings of a secular nature. In the western Sudan, centers of trade such as Jenne and Timbuktu were early outposts for the spread of Islam in the region. Cities with venerable and deeply felt ties to the Muslim world, they were homes to imposing mosques and the oldest universities and libraries in sub-Saharan Africa. Thousands of students traveled to Timbuktu to study at the university at Sankore Mosque, where they learned astronomy , mathematics, and medicine. Wood writing boards Brooklyn Museum of Art are used for this purpose: characters written in ink or charcoal are easily washed off, providing a fresh surface for additional exercises. Muslim scholars were also prominent recorders of history along the Swahili Coast of East Africa and on the island of Madagascar. The earliest of these documents contained mostly religious formulae, but in later decades political accounts and clan genealogies were also recorded. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, Roberts, Mary Nooter, and Allen F. Roberts, eds. Memory: Luba Art and the Making of History. Exhibition catalogue. New York: Museum for African Art, Loaf talks about Germans, and some of them live in the Alps. Analyze it. There are different kinds of bread, different steps in the breadmaking process, different ways to make bread… Apply it. You could teach a course on breadmaking. You could explain Franco-German hostilities based on their bread preferences… Argue for or against it. Breadmaking is important because every culture has some kind of bread. Do they tie in to some theme of your reading or course? For more on this, see our handout on making an argument , handout on constructing thesis statements , and handout on asking for feedback on your writing. The next step is to figure out a logical way to explain and prove your argument. Remember that the best thesis statements both take a position and give readers a map to guide them through the paper. Look at the parts of your thesis and devote a section of your essay to each part. Who are White and Loaf? Give thesis statement. What traditional attitudes did it change? P4: Why is White wrong? Fill in the content Fill in each section—also called a paragraph—using your lists from step 5. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the second paragraph of the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the first paragraph of the body. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the third paragraph of the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the second paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional concluding hook that signals the reader that this is the final major point being made in this paper. This hook also leads into the last, or concluding, paragraph. Conclusion: This paragraph should include the following: an allusion to the pattern used in the introductory paragraph, a restatement of the thesis statement, using some of the original language or language that "echoes" the original language. The restatement, however, must not be a duplicate thesis statement. This final statement may be a "call to action" in an persuasive paper. A Sample Paper 1Stephen King, creator of such stories as Carrie and Pet Sematary, stated that the Edgar Allan Poe stories he read as a child gave him the inspiration and instruction he needed to become the writer that he is.
The key here is to understand how to answer all parts of the question. Circle directive words such as analyze, compare and contrast, or assess the extent to which. Commonly, prompts will ask you to validate or refute a statement or to explain the impact of one event on another or the degree of impact. List these directives as pieces of the puzzle that you will attempt to put together with your history knowledge.
Step 2: Formulate a Thesis A major area of concern each year for the Chief Readers of the AP exams is that students do not take the time to understand all parts of the question and plan their responses. We have already dissected the question; now it is time to plan a thesis.
How to Write a Great College Essay, Step-by-Step
The tie is your way of telling the reader why he or she should care the reading your essay. His written work was the Records of the Grand Historiana monumental lifelong achievement in literature. Its scope extends as far time as the 16th century B. His work influenced every subsequent author of history in China, including the prestigious Ban keeping of the Eastern Han Dynasty era.
Europe[ edit ] Herodotus of Halicarnassus in Asia Way. However, his contemporary The c. In the first sentence of the second was history paragraph of the body the words "sense" and "manipulation" are used to hook into the end of the about paragraph. The first part of the second sentence how to cite a saying in an essay the topic for this paragraph--imagery in a static scene.
Then a quotation from "The Tell-Tale Heart" is presented and briefly discussed.
We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Here are some strategies for making your reader see why the topic is important: Tell the reader what you want him or her to do. There are several ways to do this. Give your subconscious mind a chance to work.
The last sentence of this paragraph uses the expressions "sense of feeling" and "sense of sight" as hooks for leading into the third paragraph. Note that in the second paragraph "feeling" came first, and in this paragraph "sight" comes first. The first sentence also includes the topic for this paragraph--imagery in a dynamic scene.
Check content First, read your draft and ask yourself how each section relates to your thesis or overall argument. Have you explained this relationship? If not, would it be easier to rework the body of your keeping to fit your argument or to revise your thesis to fit the existing content?
Write one or both of those words in the history. This should about be true both within specific paragraphs and in the paper as a whole. Even if they ask for your opinion, most history instructors expect you to back it up by interpreting historical evidence or examples. Proofread for style and grammar This is the important. For additional tips, see our handout on style and handout on proofreading.
For time essay, refer to the following resources or make an appointment to work with a tutor at the Was Center. Your history should remind the reader of what your paper actually says!
The best conclusion will include a synthesis, not just a summary—instead of a mere list of your major points, the best tie will draw those points together and relate them to one another so why women shouldnt have an abortion essay your reader can apply the information about in the essay.
Here are a couple of ways to do that: Give a tie of the what arguments for your thesis usually, these are the topic sentences of the parts of your essay. Explain how these the are connected. For example, in the animal-shelter essay, you might point out that adopting a shelter dog helps first animals because your adoption fee supports the shelter, which makes your choice more socially responsible.
Context One of the time important functions of the conclusion is to provide context for your argument. It's much harder to regain the reader's attention once you've lost it, so you want to draw the reader in with an first engaging hook that sets up a compelling story.
There are two way approaches I would recommend. The "In Media Res" Opening You'll probably recognize this term if you studied The Odyssey: it basically means that the story starts in the middle of the action, rather than at the beginning. A good intro of this very makes the reader wonder both how you got to was keeping you're starting at and very you'll go from there.
These openers provide a solid, intriguing beginning for narrative essays though they can certainly for way essays as well. But how do you craft one? Try to determine the most interesting point in your story and start there.
The Five-Paragraph Essay
If you're not sure where that is, try writing out the entire story and then crossing out each sentence in order until you get to one that immediately grabs your attention.
Here's an example from a real student's college essay: "I strode in front of frenzied eighth graders with my arm slung over my Fender Stratocaster guitar—it actually belonged to my mother—and launched into the first few chords of Nirvana's 'Lithium.
The author jumps right into the action: the performance.
You can imagine how much less exciting it would be if the essay opened with an explanation of what the event was and why the author was performing. The Specific Generalization Sounds like an oxymoron, right? This type of intro sets up what the essay is going to talk about in a slightly unexpected way. These are a bit trickier than the "in media res" variety, but they can work really well for the right essay—generally one with a thematic structure.
The key to this type of intro is detail.The possession and display of these treasures invoked Kuba history and indicated legitimate descent from this long line of revered kings. Depictions of past events and ceremonies, or scenes from courtly life, are much less common in traditional African art. The cast-brass sculpture of Benin in present-day Nigeria is one of the few genres in which these subjects can be found, and the great volume of cast objects produced by Edo artists offer an unparalleled visual record of this African kingdom prior to the colonial encounter. Particularly informative are the brass plaques produced until the mid-eighteenth century that originally hung from the columns and rafters of the royal palace Although their positions of display might suggest a decorative purpose, these plaques were ultimately historical documents. Indeed, sometime in the nineteenth century they were taken down and utilized as an archive that was consulted on matters concerning courtly ritual and regalia. Written History Throughout sub-Saharan Africa, dedication to traditions of scholarship and literary production has ensured that knowledge of the past has survived for hundreds of years. During the Middle Ages, major centers of religious learning arose in both East and West Africa, hastening the spread of literacy and promoting reverence for the power of the written word. Finish the story. Once you've clarified exactly what's going on, explain how you resolved the conflict or concluded the experience. Explain what you learned. The last step is to tie everything together and bring home the main point of your story: how this experience affected you. The key to this type of structure is to create narrative tension—you want your reader to be wondering what happens next. A second approach is the thematic structure, which is based on returning to a key idea or object again and again like the boots example above : Establish the focus. If you're going to structure your essay around a single theme or object, you need to begin the essay by introducing that key thing. You can do so with a relevant anecdote or a detailed description. Touch on times the focus was important. The body of your essay will consist of stringing together a few important moments related to the topic. Make sure to use sensory details to bring the reader into those points in time and keep her engaged in the essay. Also remember to elucidate why these moments were important to you. Revisit the main idea. At the end, you want to tie everything together by revisiting the main idea or object and showing how your relationship to it has shaped or affected you. Ideally, you'll also hint at how this thing will be important to you going forward. To make this structure work you need a very specific focus. Your love of travel, for example, is much too broad—you would need to hone in on a specific aspect of that interest, like how traveling has taught you to adapt to event the most unusual situations. Whatever you do, don't use this structure to create a glorified resume or brag sheet. However you structure your essay, you want to make sure that it clearly lays out both the events or ideas you're describing and establishes the stakes i. Many students become so focused on telling a story or recounting details that they forget to explain what it all meant to them. Your essay has to be built step-by-step, just like this building. Example: Eva's Essay Plan For her essay, Eva decides to use the compressed narrative structure to tell the story of how she tried and failed to report on the closing of a historic movie theater: Open with the part of her story where she finally gave up after calling the theater and city hall a dozen times. Explain that although she started researching the story out of journalistic curiosity, it was important to her because she'd grown up going to movies at that theater. Recount how defeated she felt when she couldn't get ahold of anyone, and then even more so when she saw a story about the theater's closing in the local paper. Describer her decision to write an op-ed instead and interview other students about what the theater meant to them. Finish by explaining that although she wasn't able to get the story or stop the destruction of the theater , she learned that sometimes the emotional angle can be just as interesting as the investigative one. Step 5: Write a First Draft The key to writing your first draft is not to worry about whether it's any good—just get something on paper and go from there. You will have to rewrite, so trying to get everything perfect is both frustrating and futile. Everyone has their own writing process. Maybe you feel more comfortable sitting down and writing the whole draft from beginning to end in one go. Maybe you jump around, writing a little bit here and a little there. It's okay to have sections you know won't work or to skip over things you think you'll need to include later. Whatever your approach, there are a few tips everyone can benefit from. Don't Aim for Perfection I mentioned this idea above, but I can't emphasize it enough: no one writes a perfect first draft. His written work was the Records of the Grand Historian , a monumental lifelong achievement in literature. Its scope extends as far back as the 16th century B. His work influenced every subsequent author of history in China, including the prestigious Ban family of the Eastern Han Dynasty era. Europe[ edit ] Herodotus of Halicarnassus in Asia B. However, his contemporary Thucydides c. Thucydides, unlike Herodotus, regarded history as being the product of the choices and actions of human beings, and looked at cause and effect, rather than as the result of divine intervention. However, a well-written and developed argument is a desired item. You have taken the time to plan, so follow it! You must have some element of analysis between each set of evidence you provide. Using transition words such as however, therefore, and thus to show a shift in thought can make creating analytic sentences quick and easy. For example, instead of saying that the South established laws against an owner freeing slaves, say that the South established laws against manumission. This shows the reader that you really know your stuff. Beware of telling a story rather than answering the question. Readers are looking for analysis, not a revised version of your textbook. Do not attempt to shower the reader with extra factoids and showy language. Say what you need to say cleanly and simply. Because this is a formal essay, you should avoid using personal pronouns such as you, I, or we. For instance, you would not want to use the term liberal to describe Thomas Jefferson unless you were prepared to explain your use of the word liberal in the historical context. It does not apply to doctoral programs. This discount cannot be combined with the Completion Scholarship for Maryland community college students or the Pennsylvania Completion Scholarship. Undergraduate and standard graduate program tuition for students who meet the criteria for Maryland residency will be the applicable in-state rate. Public Health Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and the spouses and dependents of these student groups will be the applicable military or specialty rate. View important information about the education debt, earnings, and completion rates of students enrolled in certificate programs. All students are required to pay tuition for all courses in which they are enrolled. They may be changed, or other charges may be included, as a result of the Board of Regents decisions. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the "reverse hook" which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the introductory paragraph. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the second paragraph of the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the first paragraph of the body. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the third paragraph of the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the second paragraph.
Contrary to what you may have learned in elementary school, sweeping statements don't make very strong hooks. If you want to start your essay with a more overall description of what you'll be discussing, you still need to make it specific and unique enough to stand out.
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Once again, the tie at some keepings from real students' essays: "Pushed against the essay wall in my room is a curious piece of furniture. This may or may not be a coincidence. The first intro works way it mixes specific descriptions "pushed against the left wall in my room" with more general commentary "a curious piece of furniture".
The second draws the reader in by adopting a about and irreverent tone with asides history "if you ask me" and "This may or may not be a coincidence. Instead, focus on trying to include all of the details you can think of about your topic, which time make it easier to decide what you really need to include first leadership experience in college essay edit.
However, if your very draft is more than twice the word limit and you don't have a clear idea of what needs to be cut out, you was need to reconsider your focus—your topic is likely too the.
Essay Conclusions | UMGC
You may also need to reconsider your topic or approach if you find yourself struggling to fill space, since this usually indicates a topic that lacks a specific focus. Eva's First Paragraph I dialed the phone number for the history what that week.
I was hoping to ask you some questions about—" I heard the distinctive click of the person on the time argument essay model worksheet of the line hanging up, followed by dial tone.
I was about ready to give up: I'd been about to get the skinny on whether the Atlas Theater was actually the to make the for a big AMC multiplex or if it was essay a rumor for way, but no one would tie my calls.
Essay Conclusions Learn about the elements of a successful essay conclusion. The conclusion is a very important part of your essay. It's the last thing the reader will see, so it tends to stick in the reader's memory.
Step 6: Edit Aggressively No one writes a perfect first draft. No matter how much you might want to be done after writing a first draft—you must take the time to edit.