You already do so for the overall structure of the body the sections in the object of the document at the end of the Introduction. With reviews, the usual subdivision of research papers into introduction, methods, results, and discussion does not work or is rarely used. Introduction The introduction gives background information about the topic of the paper, and sets out the specific questions to be addressed by the authors. Then I have bullet points for major comments and for minor comments. The quantity and thoroughness of the background information will depend on both the authors' proclivities, and the guidelines for that specific journal.
Finally, there are occasions where you get extremely exciting papers that you might be tempted to share with your colleagues, but you have to resist the urge and maintain strict confidentiality. Some journals have structured review criteria; others just ask for general and specific comments. Are there any specific units that are used?
Bourne, T. The only other factor I pay attention to is the scientific integrity of the journal. These types of articles are a good starting place for a summary of what has been happening in the field. Then I read the Methods section very carefully. If you're reading a paragraph in the current paper and want more information on the content, you should always try to find and read the articles cited in that paragraph. My tone is very formal, scientific, and in third person.
Scientometrics — If the abstract indicates the paper is of interest to you, move on to the introduction. When systematic reviews analyse quantitative results in a quantitative way, they become meta-analyses.
However, if the mechanism being tested does not really provide new knowledge, or if the method and study design are of insufficient quality, then my hopes for a manuscript are rather low. To get those, you need access to the studies themselves. In other words, resist the temptation to repeat material from the Introduction just to make the Conclusion longer under the false belief that a longer Conclusion will seem more impressive.
At the same time, do not focus on yourself for example, by restating everything you did. Fontaneto, M. I usually write down all the things that I noticed, good and bad, so my decision does not influence the content and length of my review. There is probably a continuum between mini- and full reviews. You will be doing THEM a favor by having them explain to you in terms you understand what a complex paper means.
Three types of information can be extracted from the results section: data from the experiments, ideas about how to improve the methods, and an understanding of how to represent similar data. Rather, show what your findings mean to readers. I always ask myself what makes this paper relevant and what new advance or contribution the paper represents. If you find yourself baffled by the introduction, try going to other sources for information about the topic before you tackle the rest of the paper. In particular, because it is typically read before the full paper, the abstract should present what the readers are primarily interested in; that is, what they want to know first of all and most of all.
It also needs a good structure. So to get the most out of the results section, make sure to spend ample time thoroughly looking at all the graphs, pictures, and tables, and reading their accompanying legends! Even in those cases, however, a study that looks at 30 experienced meditators is probably more solid than a similar one that scanned the brains of only Each part of the paper serves a unique purpose and can help your research project in a different way.
Some people stretch their claims more than others, and that can be a red flag for me. Some journals are now favouring the publication of rather short reviews focusing on the last few years, with a limit on the number of words and citations. Could I replicate the results using the information in the Methods and the description of the analysis? There are a few aspects that I make sure to address, though I cover a lot more ground as well. Mention these things early in your paragraph, ideally in the first sentence. Reviewing is a great learning experience and an exciting thing to do.