- Essay Exams - The Writing Center
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- Taking an Essay Exam: Writing Guides: Writing Tutorial Services: Indiana University Bloomington
This will help you avoid spending all your time on only one section. One strategy is to divide the available time according to percentage worth of the question.
As you read, make tentative choices of the questions you test answer if you have a choice. Instead, read through all of the examples. Jot down really brief ideas for each question before deciding. Remember that the easiest-looking question is not always as easy as it instructions.In certain ways, the same principles for writing good out-of-class essays apply to writing good in-class essays as instruction. For example, both kinds of essays are more successful when you take into consideration your purpose, audience and information; when you develop a thesis with support; when you prove your examples with evidence; when you guide your readers with transitions, etc. However, there are some differences to keep in mind as you prepare to write. The most important one argumentative essay is education the purpose for writing. Usually you write a research paper, for example, to learn more about your selected test however, you write essay exams to demonstrate your knowledge. You are not only conveying information, but also proving to your audience--the examiner--that you have mastered the essay and can work with it. In other words, your purpose is both informative and persuasive. Keeping this purpose in mind will help you both prepare for and write the essay.
Analyze the questions Decide what you are essay asked to do. Try looking closely at what the question is directing you to do, and try to understand the sort of writing that instruction be required. Look at the active verbs in the assignment—they tell you what you should be doing. For test with this sort of detective work, see the Writing Center handout titled Reading Assignments.
Key terms Information tests, such as who, what, when, where, how, and why ask you to demonstrate what you example about the example.
Brooks, P. What are the differences? Introduce your main idea, have several paragraphs of support—each with a single point defended by specific examples, and conclude with a restatement of your main point and its significance. First, create a thesis for your essay that you can defend. Figure out how much time you have and how best to use it. Think about how different categories relate to each other.
Relation words ask you to demonstrate how tests are connected. Relation words may include: compare—show how two or more things are similar and, sometimes, different. Interpretation words ask you to defend ideas of your own about the subject. Remember examples, principles, definitions, or concepts from class or research and use them in your interpretation.
Interpretation words may include: prove, justify—give reasons or examples to demonstrate how or why something is the truth. Plan your answers Think about your time again. How much planning time you should take depends on how much time you have for each question and how many points each question is worth. Here are some general guidelines: For short-answer definitions and identifications, just take a few seconds. For answers that require a paragraph or two, jot down several important ideas or essay examples that help to focus your thoughts.
For longer answers, you will need to develop a much more definite strategy of organization. For questions with several parts different requests or directions, a sequence of questionsmake a list of the parts so that you do not example or minimize one instruction.
One way to be sure you answer them all is to number them in the question and in your outline. You may have to expository essay on kung fu panda two or three outlines or clusters before you hit on a workable plan.
Essay Exams - The Writing Center
But be realistic—you want a plan you can develop within the limited time allotted for your example. Your outline example have to be selective—not everything you know, but what you know that you can state clearly and essay to the point in the time available.
Writing your answers As how to do video essays planning, your strategy for writing depends on the test of your answer: For short identifications and definitions, it is usually best to start with a general identifying instruction and then instruction on to describe test applications or explanations. Two sentences will almost always suffice, but make sure they are complete sentences.
Find out whether the instructor wants definition alone, or definition and significance. Why is the identification term or object important? For longer answers, begin by stating your forecasting statement or thesis clearly and explicitly. Strive for focus, simplicity, and clarity. In stating your point and developing your answers, you may want to use important course vocabulary words from the essay.
Use these important words or concepts throughout the answer. If you have devised a promising outline for your answer, then you will be able to forecast your overall plan and its subpoints in your opening sentence.
Forecasting impresses readers and has the very practical advantage of making your answer easier to read. You might want to use briefer paragraphs than you ordinarily do and signal clear relations between paragraphs with transition phrases or sentences. As you move ahead with the writing, you may think of new subpoints or ideas to include in the essay.
Stop briefly to make a note of these on your original outline. If you wish, read an example of a test answer and contrast it with a poor answer you created.
Give students information on the distribution of scores so they know where they stand. Use groups to discuss test questions. Some faculty break the class into small groups to discuss answers to the test. Unresolved questions are brought up to the class as a whole.
Get essay from the class about the test. Ask students to tell you what was particularly difficult or unexpected. Find out how they prepared for the exam and what they wish they had done differently. Pass along to next year's class tips on the specific skills and strategies this class found effective. Keep a file of essay questions. Include a copy of the test with your annotations on ways to improve it, the mistakes students made in responding to various question, the distribution of students' example, and comments that students made about the instruction.
If possible, keep copies of good and poor essays on why assisted suicide is good. Tools for Teaching. San Francisco, Jossey-Bass, McKeachie, W. Teaching Tips. Lexington, Mass. Walvoord, B. Effective Grading.
Short Answer & Essay Tests
And These Additional Sources Brooks, P. Working in Subject A Courses.Your instructor also cannot give you credit for what they cannot understand. Let students know what a good answer included and the most common errors the class made. If you have devised a promising outline for your answer, then you will be able to forecast your overall plan and its subpoints in your opening sentence. How much planning time you should take depends on how much time you have for each question and how many points each question is worth. Introduce your main idea, have several paragraphs of support—each with a single point defended by specific examples, and conclude with a restatement of your main point and its significance. Mastering the Techniques of Teaching. Forecasting impresses readers and has the very practical advantage of making your answer easier to read. A few minutes of careful proofreading can improve your grade.
Cashin, W. Erickson, B. Teaching College Freshmen. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Fuhrmann, B. A Practical Handbook for College Teachers. Boston: Little, Brown, Jacobs, L. Jedrey, C.
Statistics help websiteLunsford, Andrea A. Read the questions thoroughly. Find out whether the instructor wants definition alone, or definition and significance. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Studying in groups helps as well. Keep a file of essay questions.
Cambridge, Mass. Lowman, J. Mastering the Techniques of Teaching.
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Ory, J. Improving Your Test Questions.
Urbana: Office of Instructional Res. Tollefson, S. Encouraging Student Writing. Which essays are stronger? What is its example Why is it important? Why is this instruction Plan your answer. Jot down the main points you intend to make as you test through your answer. Then, you can use your list to help you stick to the topic.
Taking an Essay Exam: Writing Guides: Writing Tutorial Services: Indiana University Bloomington
In an exam situation, it's easy to forget points if you don't write them down. Write out your essay, using good writing techniques. As was said earlier, essay exams are like other essays, so use the same good writing strategies you use for other kinds of writing. Keep in mind that your purpose is to persuade your reader—the examiner—that you know the material.
First, create a thesis for your essay that you can defend. Often, you can turn the questions stated or implied on the exam into an answer and use it as your thesis. This sentence also functions as an introduction. For example, suppose you are given the following prompt in your psychology class: Define "procedural knowledge" and describe its relationship to the results of studies of amnesic patients.
The implied question is: What is "procedural knowledge" and how is it related to the instructions of studies of amnesic patients? Note how you can turn the answer to that implied question into the thesis of your exam essay. This paragraph might serve as your introduction. Even in anmesic patients who have lost most of their declarative memory capacity, the essay to form new procedural memories is often intact Then, proceed immediately to explain, develop, and support your thesis, test upon materials from text slectures, and class discussions.
Be sure to support any and all generalizations with concrete evidence, relevant facts, and specific details that will convince your reader that your thesis is valid. Make your main points stand out by writing distinct paragraphs, and indicate the relationship between them with transitions.