With that said, I will use these boards to begin explaining what not to do. BOARD 1 The first thing that really grinds my gears is that there are hardly any labels or explanations. Having short explanations give viewers a quick introduction into what you were thinking. It also allows the jurors to understand the parts of the project they are interested in while they are pretending to listen to you talk.
I typically like to have a 3 to 4 sentence paragraph on the introduction board summarizing the overall concept and giving viewers a place to start. This board, however, has nothing. While the large figure ground covering most of the sheet is an important diagram, it should not be the focus of the board.
It might have helped to overlay an aerial image or combine multiple diagrams with the figure ground to amp up the message I was trying to get across. In this case, it seems I was more concerned about the composition of the board rather than the information I was trying to convey.
Her Secret is Patience 4 is the title of a recently opened public sculpture in downtown Phoenix, Arizona. Part of a master plan to revitalize downtown Phoenix, the site is a park, similar to a town square, with the sculpture acting as the anchoring point. The site is now used for professionals to take their lunch and college students to study.
While this piece is permanent it is easy to imagine the combination of material, form, site and environment creating the same effect in a temporary condition as well. Another kind of temporal art is made by the graffiti knitting group Knitta.
Using colorful yarns and patterns, akin to something out of a Dr. Seuss book, the groups main purpose is to create a momentum of individuals beautifying urban space. Their anonymous presence throughout cities is their way of operating as a catalyst, which gets people to talk and think about their works.
Nameless creation, colorful designs, and the limited length of time each knit piece will last, generate conversations, making their efforts successful.
Their message can be used to revitalize site, or at least an object or space, which is often overlooked. The everyday such as light poles, bus bumpers, handrails and columns can all be beautiful, according to Knitta. Their material choice, soft yarn, also creates an attitude about temporality, something easily removed, once the message has been passed on, unlike traditional spray paint graffiti.
Rather than showcase a site through architecture, a site is created to showcase the design. The materials looked at were lightweight and low cost, allowing for construction to be fast and for the public to gain access as quick as possible. If built, its goals to create an instant cultural hotspot would create a resonance of trendsetting in the newly created Thesis Prep I - Prospectus 8 artificial landscape, as well as iconography, even after it had expired.
Catalysts have been utilized to create change for everything from telephone poles to urban metropolises like Tokyo. Whether they are to inspire beauty, create an instance, or transform a space they are all meant to encourage contemplation and a reaction from those that view it. Utilizing this force along with the temporal quality of a space will take an ordinary visitor to a space, engage them in an experience with a site they would have previously ignored, contemplate the further potential, and be forever reminded of this encounter after the architecture is gone.
Combining these ideas presented by installation artists, graffiti artists and architects it is clear how these ideas could merge together to create a resonance of a residual site.
Residual Sites Figure 1. Residual sites are forgotten, neglected or decaying urban spaces, which have potential to be enveloped and integrated into the urban fabric.
These spaces need to be knit back into the urban fabric to create cohesive cities and neighborhoods. This idea of knitting or enveloping the site back into the urban fabric is welcome in comparison to urban renewal and urban planning as both carry negative connotations of unsuccessful spaces and architecture.
Tadashi Kawamata is an installation artist that specializes in finding controversial or residual sites. In his project on Roosevelt Island he found both. In the book Kawamata Project on Roosevelt Island, Claudia Gould documents the idea behind the project, which called attention to a site that has been abandoned for years. Originally the home of the Small Pox Hospital, the architecture has begun to crumble into disrepair.
This choice was fairly controversial and delicate, as the site is considered historical, even though it has been left to decay.
To Kawamata a residual space is important to showcase for its history, or social meaning. It brings something forgotten and ignored to the foreground for examination and contemplation. Their residual site was in Vienna, an area under a railway bridge filled with concrete columns supporting the trains above. The goal was to call public attention to the potentials of the unused spaces of their city.
The columns were plastered in event posters spanning years of concerts, expos, sales, and music releases. Without assigning program these spaces were left for whatever uses a visitor saw fit for the duration that the plastic was there. Visitors were encouraged to discover uses suited to this residual space that they often paid no attention to. Over its seven-day existence the space received over visitors. While the precedent does not go on to explain what these visitors used the space for it is easy to see that even for such a simple idea and set of design criteria this temporary space and its potential was called into question for more occupants than it may receive in a year.
This kind of quick, catalytic space created an emphasis for the site under the bridge that could potentially change it forever. Both of the previously mentioned projects take the ideas of this thesis, a temporal, catalytic intervention on a residual space and prove the potential success of this combination.
Through these works people were reintroduced back into residual spaces. They did not provide answers or long term fixes. They simply opened the door to provide meaningful conversation and discussion about the situation of their chosen sites. This is the first step to solving the problem of rejoining a place of urban decay back into its surrounding context. It is through opening this door of awareness, understanding and potential that the public has the power to make the next move, and the purpose of the architecture is complete.
Therefore it is very important to take a look at materials, which provide Thesis Prep I - Prospectus 10 Figure 1. Source: Debbie New Figure 1. Source: Peter Testa Architects a feeling of temporality in their architectural qualities. Fiber and textile as a material and a process provide some sense of a temporary space. There is a large push in the fiber arts community toward pushing the limits of knitting, weaving, and textiles.
Debbie New, a knitting artist has experimented with how this traditional craft can be turned into objects that are watertight, such as teacups and boats. Through a process of knitting dipped in resin her works retain their shape, and become vessels. Her boat is actually a lace knit coracle dipped in resin. A coracle is defined as a small round boat typically made of a wicker construction. Since wicker is a pattern very similar to weaving it is easy to see the correlation into a knit lace.
Able to float with an adult inside it blurs the lines between something as delicate and beautiful as lace with a structural material, while still achieving both qualities. Textiles are being pushed to their architectural limits as well. The exhibit showcased the wide range of emerging fabric and textile technologies. With examples of everything from embroidered surgical devices, space suits and architectural design, Extreme Textiles provides examples of how craft, process and flexibility are being incorporated into present day design.
One important architectural discussion is whether these technologies can be integrated as skin, structure, or both. In this un-built project a weaving method of carbon fiber strands would be used to create a forty-story office tower. Each carbon fiber strand would be one foot wide by one inch thick, and would be pultruded on site and woven together.
While the technologies are not quite there to test the full potential of this, it will exist in the near future.
The use of the woven textile fabric not only would create a situation where the skin, structure, Thesis Prep I - Prospectus 11 systems, and circulation would all be created through the strength of a single material, but also an experience of the ephemeral, seeing the process of the woven carbon fibers and how they delicately are designed to work in tension.
The ephemeral, experiential quality of fabric and fiber relates to the ideas of this thesis in a way that provides an area of exploration of form, materiality, process, and methodology. While the design is not dictated to a specific material, the qualities of fabric architecture are desirable to the final goal of a temporal space. Through exploring the process as well as possibly fabric as an option will further enhance the result created by the combination of temporal, catalytic architecture for a chosen site.
The Ephemeral Effect The combination of the qualities of catalytic design and temporal experience are important to the success of this thesis. The catalytic nature of a space, and the temporal experience of message and materiality, will be brought together and will be the driving force behind revitalizing residual urban space.
The research has proven there are many successful applications of temporary spaces and possibilities still unexplored. Bringing together the ephemeral with an exploration of the fiber arts will further create a temporal experience. Through a careful selection of a residual site it will be possible to employ these ideas, this ephemeral effect, to create an effective, successful, and resonating space.
Various other artists such as Kawamata, Knitta, and Echelman do the same at a reduced scale. Through the merging of these ideas a new urban design focus is created.
It provides the opportunity to create urban space without stagnant urban design, and unused spaces. By creating a focus on the temporal experience and catalytic effect that a place can have, a site or piece of architecture only continues to grow and transform as it passes through different use and form. This allows the urban fabric, neighborhoods and cities surrounding the site to grow and change with it.
It provides a new breadth of opportunities for cities and communities as well as architects and designers to combat residual spaces and urban decay. From a small gathering on a beach, the Burning Man festival was born, and has since grown to a festival attracting 51, people in ,9 creating a temporary city for one week a year.
Burning man festival is camping in an extreme sense. Each member must bring everything they need for survival, and all contribute to the community and create the unique city each year.
With average August temperatures reaching 8 Harvey, Larry New York: The Modern Library, Volunteers use ft. Each ring forms two-thirds of a circle.
This opening acts as vast public space that becomes home to over art installations. BRC is a full-fledged functioning city during its yearly weeklong existence. The Center Camp functions as the communal gathering space, where burners can buy drinks, enjoy varied works of art and live entertainment, as well as, find the valuable, desert resource, ice.
It is about creating a communal environment that facilitates and encourages social interaction and exploration. Gifting, participants are encouraged to gift to one another, a gift is commonly non-material, but rather an act of kindness. Decommodification, as a compliment to the gifting society, the community does not allow any commerce in the city, with the exception of ice sales. Communal Effort, building a temporary city requires the help of numerous volunteers, artists, and designers who contribute to the experience of all.
Civic Responsibility, each participant is a member of this temporary society and has a responsibility to look after the public welfare. Leaving No trace, one of the governing principals that each participant respects the environment and pledges to leave the playa as it was found. Participation, everyone is encouraged to both work and play in this environment to explore their surrounding and make it a deeply personal experience.
Immediacy, too often in life people are not living in the present, Burning Man encourages participants to immerse themselves into their immediate environment and interact with those around you. Each of these principles combines with the extreme environment to create a camping experience like none other.
Camps result from the exceptional circumstances of conflict, natural disaster, displacement, and marginality with increasing frequency and ever-greater facility.
A defining characteristic of camps is their ability to be quickly and easily assembled and in turn disassembled. Camps, A Guide to 21st Century Space. Hailey, Charlie,1. Hailey, Charlie,2. Just as they are lodged spatially between the open and closed, camps exist between the temporary and the permanent.
This blurring can be found throughout the history of human settlement. These camps were the foundations of many contemporary metropolises across Europe, including Barcelona, Vienna, and Prague. Military camps are still employed today. The US routinely uses Military camps as basses of operation around the world, as well as detention centers.
These camps, while considered temporary often exist for years, even decades blurring the boundaries of the temporal and permanent. Camps create a more public form of dwelling.
This renewed transience might be in response to economic turns or the effects of natural disaster. And in other cases, the camp is a recreational space of play outside societal norms. They collaborated to produce a publication of their ideas and designs. Combining the words architecture and telegram, Archigram was formed. Often considered radical, the group designed alternatives to modern cities and houses. Archigram group not only created many thought provoking designs and concepts, they also engaged in frequent discussions both within the group and with other innovative architects of their time.
Archigram placed importance on the human experience.This variety of examples dealing with the temporal showcase an area of research and design being used to promote the powerful effect generated from this form of experiential work. Without the Willamette River, there would be no place that is Portland. Others apply the term to Japanese architecture for the techniques of construction and the concept of materiality that is embedded in it. Adam McSorley: Small Living, Collectively 11 — am In American cities, such as Portland, Oregon with increased population growth causing historically low vacancy rates and high housing costs that are out of the reach of the lower and middle classes, how can well designed micro-communities be integrated into the economic and social sustainability of the larger urban fabric? Among the oldest type of architecture known, nomadic dwellings continue to persist today.
In relation to architecture a catalyst should create a cause and effect relationship between any variety of elements, space and a user, space and site, or space and surrounding context. Can we learn techniques from these spectacles that would enhance our society and cities, and find solutions to real-world problems of growth and waste confronting us today? They have certain predetermined routes and campsites they frequent on an annual basis. In his research, temporary, fleeting occurrences have the most impact and become some of the best experiences of ones life.
These summer huts house the anglers and little else other than some furniture, a fish cooler and radio.
Tadashi Kawamata is an installation artist that specializes in finding controversial or residual sites. It also has greater potential to remain relevant to cultural and social trends. New York: American Book Co. Installations by Architects: Experiments in Building and Design. Finally, the archetypes have become the inspiration for the design of a six-home housing complex.
This is one example of Rakowitzs paraSITE work, which he sees as a way to present a symbolic strategy of survival for homeless in the city. Temporary architecture has an opportunity to bring a large number of people to a site in a short period of time. A coracle is defined as a small round boat typically made of a wicker construction. Each member must bring everything they need for survival, and all contribute to the community and create the unique city each year. It is empty when Burning Man begins and it is cleaned up, it is empty again at the end, as if it never happened.
Contemporary traveling houses, in the form of Recreational Vehicles, Mobile Homes and elaborately customized wheeled housing, bring the necessities and comforts of a site-fixed house with the nomad anywhere on the globe. Source: Peter Testa Architects a feeling of temporality in their architectural qualities. Up until now, almost every piece of architecture in the city was created for necessity and not for excess. Could temporary urban architecture be used to bridge the gender gap, or call attention to gay rights? Therefore, buildings locate in this area generally rather than with a specific dot. While this was a successful and innovative way of bringing this idea to the public it would have lost its significance if left to become permanent.
This of course leaves room for much interpretation. Often considered radical, the group designed alternatives to modern cities and houses. Its method of catalyst was shock value, of seeing suspended hot tubs, as well as experiencing living in a public square.
Thesis Studio - Concept 27 Close up of concept model showing the site as a being a void, lit from behind suggesting and illumination of the sites potential as a link within the Roxbury Crossing community. Nagakin Capsule not operates primarily as a commercial high-rise with the capsules in the same place as the day the tower was built.
It is empty when Burning Man begins and it is cleaned up, it is empty again at the end, as if it never happened. The only barrier to stop architects adopting free experiential space is the human conceptual notion of the past as a source for producing the futurePhysical permanence of form, in perpetuity, is not necessary for psychological permanence within our contemporary culture. Possible programmatic options: Cultural: Art, Music, Dance, Performance Space The neighboring Roxbury Community College houses a performance space, however it is in high demand and often over booked. It is the antithesis of traditional architecture and urban planning which strives for permanence. Able to float with an adult inside it blurs the lines between something as delicate and beautiful as lace with a structural material, while still achieving both qualities. Their anonymous presence throughout cities is their way of operating as a catalyst, which gets people to talk and think about their works.
Combining the words architecture and telegram, Archigram was formed. Based on this key characteristic, the American hotel is not EA.